Part 2 : THE ONTOLOGY

" The standard view in biology that all life emerged from a primordial soup
on the Earth is far less likely than a tornado blowing through a junk yard
and assembling a Boeing 747."    .............Chandra Wickramasinghe

"In wilderness I sense the miracle of life, and behind it our scientific
accomplishments fade to trivia".....Charles A LIndbergh

 

2.1   TERMS, DEFINITIONS, ASSUMPTIONS ,
BELIEFS and CONCEPTS :

The KNOWN & The UNKNOWN

Throughout history those who hold power have used it to create definitions
that marginalize people who do not hold power. At the same time that they
have made use of the technologies and resources of those they dominate,
they have minimized them or failed to acknowledge their originators.
...........Encyclopedia of American Indian Contributions to the World
- Keoke, Emory Dean.

The meta-assumption in this work is that in any thought as well as

any inevitable interpretation of any and all experiences, certain

assumptions and beliefs are inherent and implicit, whether these

are consciously realized or else these operate subconsciously.

One of the goals of this work is to make all operating assumptions

operate at a conscious level, and tested or examined for their validity

continuously in the light  of new experiences, new situations, new

 or tougher or broader or deeper challenges, and appropriately

expressed so that these expressions have not only personal

validity but also potentially acquire general validity.

 

"There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio,
Than are dreamt of in your philosophy."  
......William Shakespeare

 

2.1.1 OVERVIEW OF THE APPLICATION OF CONCEPTS

THEIR DEFINITIONS : & THEIR USAGE IN THIS WORK

 

"A good definition should entirely circumscribe what it defines,
and it alone."....... Andre Comte-Sponville

"The definition of  definition is that it refers to every and only characteristic
 of that term. A triangle is defined by every such shape that has three sides.
Every triangle has three sides and only triangles have three sides."
.........M Sugrue

"The power to define the situation is the ultimate power".
....Jerry Rubin

This section goes into the fundamentals of what are the building

blocks and elements of the concepts,  thoughts and experiences

that are behind the construction of this work.  Several have been

defined here, for the specific purpose of this work. Definitions are

crucial for any intellect based construct, discourse or expression of

ideas. It is only when an attempt is made to define a concept that

we can have some sort of coherent inter-relationship of concepts,

and any prose or language based construct is shaky without any

well defined concepts. The exercise of defining concepts is the first

 constructive/creative step towards knowledge - which is the base

from which one can reach for power - by which one can redefine

and refine the concepts with which one's mind operates.

"It is the business of thought to define things, to find the boundaries;
thought, indeed, is a ceaseless process of definition. It is the business
 of Art to give things shape".....Vance Palmer
 

The only domain that does not require definitions is poetry. No poetic

artist can be bound by rules, and some of the best poets do not follow

any rules and definitions of words and their conventional arrangements

( grammar ). An inspired artist deliberately defies conventions and

boundaries set by others, one of the chief points of art being to expose

the limitations of conventions, standards, norms and boundaries.

"Existence is beyond the power of words to define:
Terms may be used,
But are none of them absolute"........Witter Bryner

"A definition tells us the nature of a thing - the essence of a thing - what
the thing is. If you don't know what it is then you don't know anything
else about it, because you don't know what you are talking about.
The basic logical rule of a definition is that it is neither too narrow, nor
too broad. If it is too narrow it does not cover all the instances of the
thing that is being defined, and if it is too broad then it does not clearly
distinguish that thing from all other things.".........P. Kreeft

In all of analysis   and /or  descriptions  using words and the concepts

behind them as tools,  it should  never  be lost sight of that these are

always  dealing with or representing 'parts' of a 'whole'.  For example,

if the 'Self' is  considered as a 'whole',  then 'Will', 'Mind', 'Brain',

'Reason', 'Instinct', 'Emotions' etc are parts of the 'Self'.

Only  the 'Spirit' and  its carrying essence 'Soul' are both part of

the 'Self' as well as 'beyond Self' or 'transcendent Self'.

In all analysis and descriptions, statements are made about assumed

parts of a whole, and how they  relate  to the whole and how they

inter-relate amongst themselves. It must be kept in mind always that

no statement is definitive, only tentative, as each individual is not only

uniquely constituted but also has to develop a unique understanding

about one's own self and its relation to Nature ....a larger whole.

"For a short while, our mothers bodies are the boundaries and personal
geography which are all that we know of the world. Once we no longer
live beneath our mother's heart, it's the earth with which we form the
same dependent relationship.".....Louise Erdrich ( Chippewa )

"Those who contemplate the beauty of the earth find reserves of
strength that will endure as long as life lasts."...Rachel Carson

The thrust of this  work is therefore an analysis of the Self in as many

ways as possible, but with coherence.  But since sometimes the many

ways may lead the reader to confusion, the fundamental division and

distinction of the physical and non-physical should be referred to as the

primary analysis entry  point.  For example, the 'Will'  although is a

combination of both the physical and the non- physical, if it comes to a

situation  where  the 'Will' needs to be classified, then it must be taken

as an aspect of the non-physical,  that is, as a force rather than as a

process or function. The sub-conscious is clearly classified here as an

attribute of the physical, whereas the supra-conscious is classified here

as an attribute of the non-physical, and the conscious as the

convergence of both physical as well as non-physical. 

But  some  aspects  are  clear cut : for example, base emotions

as part of the physical, but the higher emotions are usually

initiated by the non-physical.

There also has to be an aesthetic or abstract element in the way a split

has been made and applied: a given situation may account well for one

kind of analytic split, and yet another situation may call for a very

different  sort of split.  And ultimately any analysis is only good if it

leads to integration of the Self and a creative synthesis that results in

meaningful expression.  Thus, synthesis is greatly dependent upon

correct and well directed analysis. The successful analysis of the Self

and a developed ability to synthesize leads to the most useful outcome

  of the struggle : the integration into oneself the ideas and expressed

experiences of others.

To learn from the experiences as well as the mistakes of others means

 that one does not fall into the traps and errors others have fallen

 into or succumbed to.

"You must learn from the mistakes of others. You can't possibly
live long enough to make them all yourself."....Sam Levenson

"Human beings, who are almost unique in having the ability to
learn from the experiences of others, are also remarkable for
their apparent disinclination to do so"...........Douglas Adams

Here a distinction has to be made between what one learns from the

account of others through the direction of one's Will, versus that which

one has been made to learn through the bringing up and education

process. The first kind of learning is genuine and the latter kind is of

an entrapping kind. The latter kind is the kind that has to be first

'unlearned' in order to transcend its negative or trapping effects.

The first thing that needs to be learned is to unlearn the rigid

 usage of words in expressions of beliefs that tends to fixate the

belief system of an individual so as to conform with the belief

system of the society and culture of that individual.

Since  words, concepts and beliefs tend to create a secondary

reality of their own, it becomes critically important to treat them

as tools  that  are  applied  with a purpose, or else they become

traps of a virtual reality.

"We are born into what William James calls a ' blooming, buzzing confusion' but
by the acquisition of words we mosaic over various sectors of this 'blooming
 buzzing confusion' with words. We replace the unknown with the known through
the substitution with words. By the time the child is two or three they have
completely created a cultural mosaic of words that is interposed between them
and reality. Reality from then on is only an unconfirmed rumor through the
medium of language. Every culture accentuates different parts of reality.
Every culture is a different reality. language is the stuff of the world, not quantas
or wave packets or nutrinos. All the constructs of science are interlocking
 constructs of syntax.
By dissolving the cultural conditioning, one returns to the primal language of the
animal body and can explore the real dimension of feeling that culture has a
tendency to cut us off from. Culture replaces authentic feeling with words.
The mystery is collapsed into a word. By the time the child is five or six years
old all the mysteries of reality have been carefully tiled over with words.
And we have sealed ourselves in within a linguistic shell of dis-impowered
perception and what the psychedelics do is burst apart this cultural envelope
of confinement and return us to the legacy and birthright of the organism."
......Terence McKenna

Therefore the acquired concepts and beliefs from society and

culture are treated here as potential traps of a virtual reality

created by that culture. Language creates a 'virtual temporal

 reality' which can be both enlightening or entrapping.
 

It is indispensable for a self-explorer to realize this.

"We should be careful to avoid the philosopher's fallacy  of misplaced
concreteness - treating abstractions as if they were concrete realities.
We (humans) are the concrete realities"
....TMS  P. Kreeft

" Kierkegaard is noted for his polemics against three institutions of the
 Danish society in his day, namely Hegelian philosophy, the established
 church and the popular press. Hegelian philosophy in his view had traded
 life for concept. He agreed with what was then the dominant school of
 thought that life was to be understood historically in the sense that the
 Hegelian system could uncover the necessity of events after they had
 occurred, but he insisted that such speculation was powerless before
 the contingencies of life as it is lived. 'It is perfectly true that as the
 philosophers say that life must be understood backwards, but they
 forget the other proposition : that it must be lived forwards. (Journals)'
 Ideas can be systematized, life cannot. Attempting to live your life by
 relying on abstract Hegelian philosophy, Kierkegaard scoffed, is like
  taking your laundry to a shop that announces 'washing done' and
 discovering that only the sign is for sale."....Thomas Flynn

"I must create a system, or be enslaved by another man's"
..........William Blake

"In the animal kingdom, the rule is, eat or be eaten; in the human
kingdom, define or be defined."....Thomas Szasz

In the kingdom of politics, manipulate or be manipulated,
in the economic kingdom, compete, monopolize or perish,
in civilizations, conquer or be conquered,
in the western kingdom, dominate or be dominated,
in the eastern kingdom, deify or be deified,
in the individual kingdom, create or be obliterated.
..........Updated 2006

 

“The ‘Self under siege’ under modernity presumed that there was a self
that was under siege, but in the view of Bourdrillard society has reached
 a point at which it has literally been overcome by its technology and the
new issues are no longer issues like the non-believer or the non-offender,
 but rather the non-person. In his view the social relations have disappeared
between humans because humans have begun to disappear, in fact ‘the real’
itself has begun to disappear – the symptoms of the trajectory of the
postmodern.
In the postmodern there can be no discussion of the ‘self’ or ‘real’ since both
 of these would have disappeared. The postmodern is a blurring of the lines
 between humans and machines, between reality and image – a world in which
 ‘reality’ simply can be simulated, Xeroxed, copied.
At some point in the development of technology, human beings
ceased to be the reason of things, and things took on their own reason.
In the postmodern the simulation has outrun reality -  becomes more real than
 the real – hyper-real. The heritage of philosophy and social theory has passed
over into advertising. The postmodern
trajectory leaves us in a situation where
 drawing the line between the real and the unreal is not merely philosophical
 but a practical day to day issue - of figuring out what's a simulation and what's
 not - is this guy really an insurance salesman or is he here to rob me.
This is not a Cartesian doubt  but a wild radical doubt of the very ground beneath
 our feet. Bourdrillard says what we are witnessing is the end of the world, the
end of human being and that this is nothing to be sad or cynical about - but
(rather to be taken as ) the ecstasy of communication. We have to look upon
the end of man, world etc. as an opportunity, because what were these
concepts anyway except concepts by which the world was regulated, policed,
mapped and controlled, which is now becoming more and more difficult to do
in a situation of rapidly increasing complexity and information technologies."
...........Rick Roderick ( TTC Self Under Siege )

HOW TO GO ABOUT DEFINITIONS:
WEB INT 2013:
In order to define something new, we have to start with the known
concepts, symbolized by words, that are commonly known and well understood and
then build meaningful sentences that point towards the new concept. As an example,
I am taking up here the development of the concept of a physical thing, the electron,
because a physical thing is easier to define than a non-physical thing or intangible
 quality that requires abstract conceptualization with complex analogies or metaphors.

I am doing so just to demonstrate how one can use simple concepts to build an understanding
of complex things or entities, and gain insight into the functioning of one’s mind, although in
 this example it has been many minds that have built this model of the electron.

It was observed in the phenomena of electricity that the charges of static electricity were
 in multiples of a specific, definite quantity of electrical charge, and therefore it was
assumed that a ‘PARTICLE' that contained this quantum of charge moved from one object to
another to build up a charge, whereas the opposite charge remained in the original object.
So this particle was of a definite quantum of moving charge of one kind: negative charge, was
given the name electron (although it could just as easily have been associated with the
words ‘positive charge’’).
Thus in this first level of definition of the electron, four basic concepts were used:
 1) Particle: a very small part of something (matter) which may be so small as to be
invisible to the eye.
 2) Quantum; a definite and small quantity of some physical property namely:
3) Charge – meaning to load up or maybe ‘charge into the enemy’
4) Movement: change of physical location or position……
These four concepts were sufficient to describe the electron initially. On development of the
first model of the atom, the electron was presumed to ‘orbit’ the proton like the model of
the solar system, but later on it was discovered that this was not an orbit but a ‘cloud of
possible locations’. So the concept of ‘particle’ was to be incorporated with that of a ‘cloud’.
Then it was discovered that the electron also behaves like a ‘wave’, a notion that was in
contradiction to the notion of a particle.
With every new property discovered, the electron’s initial model had drastically changed with
 the incorporation of new, even contradictory concepts. So although the properties of the electron
 are now well formulated, the concepts that were used initially were found to be not much more
than props and analogies in the process.
Extrapolating from this physical example, leads us to understand that abstract, intangible
realities can only be grasped by an extensive exploration of the existing concepts and their
inter-relation by analogy and metaphor, in which existing literature (diachronic) plays an
important role, but the process in this case is mainly art (of synchronic use of language).
Whereas for physical things the process of defining and construction of concepts is mainly logic,
 and words are mostly symbolic in nature, but for non-physical or abstract things, the process
of artistic articulation is indispensable which can be in the form of parables, story telling, dialogs,
poetry and even prose in the form of rational constructs.
A crucial contrast is that defining physical things is easier because physical reality is static
and consistent, and is developed through the experiments and consensus of large number
 of scientists, whereas, non-tangible realities are not easily definable, because these are
dynamically manifest, and have to be based upon personal experience, exploration, and
expressions of artistic creativity in language, which by it’s nature basically cannot be
objectified or verified by consensus as it is in science.
In attempting to conceptualize and define abstract, intangible realities through study of
 literature, experiences and experimentation by expressions in language, one also is able to
 study and improve the functioning of one’s own mind.

And now for a more formal approach :

2.1.2 Ontology: The subject of ontology is the study of the categories of

things that exist or may exist in some domain.

"The world is not independent from the act of description"....T. McKenna

“Nothing ever exists entirely alone; everything is in relation to
everything else.” ...Buddha

Ontology is the attempt to say what entities exist. It is one's list

of entities or concepts about entities, while one's metaphysics is

an explanatory theory about the nature of those entities.

More generally : ontology is a catalog of the type of things that are assumed to

exist in a domain of interest D from the perspective of a person P who uses a

language L for the purpose of study of domain D. The catch with this is that

if domain D is the domain of existential reality, then person P is also part of

the domain D, and therefore person P, in order to study D, will first of all

have to study P, i.e.,   P itself, otherwise it will be misleading to study D.

"The ultimate mystery is one's own self."....Sammy Davis Jr

( Unfortunately, modern science's failure to comprehend nature and reality

has its roots  in  this paradox,  but an even bigger joke is that this is

not even acknowledged  in  science, and yet it claims to study reality

objectively, i.e., supposedly independent of the person who studies it !

The gist of this story is that if scientists admit and acknowledge

that the  domain D   of their study has been not reality,  but the

objectified physical universe only, their problems would become

easier,  and  the  rest  of  the  world  would  stand  a chance to

breathe a fresh gasp of air.   )

"Science cannot solve the ultimate mystery of nature. And that is
because, in the last analysis, we ourselves are part of nature and
 therefore part of the mystery that we are trying to solve"
.......Max Planck

"The inability to comprehend the process and underlying principle of life and
it's essence in the form of human life, comes from the narrow ontology of the
western civilization's religion of having only two things: God and Matter,
and further narrowing down of this ontology only into Matter by the
western non-theist or materialist." .....G Ryder HPost 2014

urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)This work therefore emphasizes that the proper order in the study

of Reality  must initiate with a thorough study and knowing of

one's own self, one's own nature, one's own motivations, goals,

predilections and purposes, without which any study of Reality

is not only misleading but also meaningless.urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)

"There is an old difficulty here, that of the metaphysician who
describes reality but cannot include himself "(?)...Iris Murdoch

Ontology, in its wider sense, or one's list of entities, is therefore

not an objective, scientific study. The ontology of science is the

list of entities that can be objectified by general consensus. The

ontological domain of science is thus limited to the physical,

objectifiable universe.

The ontology of monism or religious monotheism is a singular

entity that represents everything. All beings, living, non-living,

etc are only manifestations ( not even sub-entities ) of this

singular entity.

Religions that are not strictly monist, identify the manifestations

as sub-entities that interplay.

It  should be clearly understood here, that the process of giving form,

conception, terminology and/or definitions to ANY entity is a mental

phenomenon arising from experience, and/ or created, and/or

acquired from society and culture.

"Radical simply means "grasping things at the root."......Angela Davis

WEB Interactive 2013: It's important to keep a fluid ontological (what is there) basis
 in order to explore all possibilities and then by experience and experimentation with
language, discover what are the forces that run the universe in temporal reality (space
-time temporality) and have some experience of the eternal and transcendental.
Having a fluid ontology is essential as an explorer. Unfortunately, in Western philosophy,
this ontological stuck-ness has led it to a dead end, apart from the reason of not having
a rich experiential base.. Therefore what we have had so far is 'shots in the dark' in all
directions but no consolidation. But most have posited that there is a thing-in-itself
(ontological) that is beyond sense perception (metaphysical).
"A 'thing in itself' signifies that which exists independently of our perceptions by means
 of the senses. In other words it is that which really and truly is. Democritus called this
matter (Atom), so did Locke in the end, and for Kant it was an 'X', and for me it is Will.".
..Schopenhauer
Notice that the tendency is towards monism - that is, the ontological domain consists of one
thing only. Monism is okay in the domain of the eternal and absolute but has no explanatory
 power in the domain of the temporal - where you have to contend with the complex 'many
 things' and their inter-relation, out of which many are hidden (not accessible or
derivable from sense perception)
 

urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)The whole question and process by which an Entity is formulated

( given form ) and assigned conceptual attributes is at stake here.

Unless one goes into deep self analysis regarding the core process

and roots of the conceptualization process by which entities are

assigned form and attributes and how these relate to oneself,

a meaningful understanding of reality is not possible.urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)

"There is no reality except the one contained within us. That is why so
many people live such an unreal life. They take the images outside
them for reality and never allow the world within to assert itself."
...............Hermann Hesse

urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes) First and foremost should be the study and analysis of the

list of entities that one has acquired from society and culture,

and the relevance of these for oneself. Then it is also vital for

these to be analyzed for their attached attributes and core

assumptions associated. Finally, it should at some stage

become necessary to empty oneself of all ontologies to

start afresh. urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)

2.1.3 PHYSICAL and METAPHYSICAL ( BEYOND

PHYSICAL or NON-PHYSICAL ) ENTITIES:

"What is an artist? A provincial who finds himself somewhere between
a physical reality and a metaphysical one. It's this in-between . . . this
frontier country between the tangible world and the intangible one --
which is really the realm of the artist".........
Federico Fellini

Physical objects ( that have sensory attributes) are the simplest

entities,  and   in  the  scientific  domain  are  the  only   entities.

But if one assumes that there are entities that are non-physical

(metaphysical),   then  their  ( the entities )  domain  becomes

beyond the scientific domain, and it is here that the concept

of Personal Validity assumes significance.

"All men whilst they are awake are in one common world: but each
of them, when he is asleep, is in a world of his own"......Plutarch

The  point  is that metaphysical entities cannot be scientifically

investigated,  but  only at  a personal level, valid for a specific

person.  Metaphysical entities have no general validity insofar

as the domain of science or that of general consensus.  A meta-

physical entity can only be referred to in context of a particular

being, or a group of beings sharing a common idea and/or

culture and/or ideal and/or purpose and/or  space.

 

It should also be clearly understood that non-physical entities

cannot be brought into the domain of general consensus,

utmost special consensus, under exceptional conditions.

 

Failure to grasp this elementary aspect of one's mental process

leads to confusion and even worse - deception.

 

"I wish to emphasize that there is a necessity not to espouse a truth  because
it is safe. Being driven to a set of assumptions because one is afraid of
another set and their consequences is the most passionate and nonobjective
kind of philosophy. Too many intellectuals and scientists (almost unconsciously)
use basic assumptions as defenses against their fears of other assumptions
and their consequences. Until we can train ourselves to be dispassionate and
accept both the assumptions and the results of  making them without
arrogance, without pride, without misplaced enthusiasm, without fear,
without panic, without anger, hence without emotional involvement  in the
results or in the theories, we cannot advance this inner science of Man very far."
.....Dr John C Lilly, Programming & Metaprogramming....

 

2.1.4 THIS WORK'S ONTOLOGY :

REAL, VIRTUAL and IMAGINARY ENTITIES

'AS IF' and 'WHAT IF' ENTITIES

"Everything real must be experience-able somewhere, and every kind
of thing experienced must somewhere be real"......William James

CONCEPTS DEFINITIONS & DISTINCTIONS:

An entity is a being or thing that exists, whether it is perceptible or not.

Thus entities are 1) Living beings that live and die 2) Physical objects

3) Non- Physical beings (like Spirits)

'Entity' is distinguished from 'Essence' (like soul) or 'Force' (like Will).

The overlap is only in the case of 'Spirit', as the spirit is both an

entity (thing-in-itself) as well as a force, that is, a signifying action.
 

Thus a real 'entity' is that which is experienced or has some basis in

personal experience.  An 'as if entity' or virtual entity (as is signified in

analogy, metaphor, myth etc.) is only a concept or belief about an entity

that cannot be directly experienced by anybody at will but is either

 1) Fleetingly experienced by a person 2) Derived analytically (through

reason) 3) Resulting from Synthesized perception. (through intuition)

I have called virtual entities 'as if' because these are representations of

things that are not directly perceptible, and therefore are simulacra

(representative similarity to sense perceptions) of intangible realities. 

However, another distinction has to be made between 'as if' and 'what if'.

'As if' is a representation or abstraction of existing but intangible realities,

whereas 'what if' is a created or imagined entity - i.e. fictional.

(People with a scientific only world-view are incapable of making this

distinction, and therefore in this doctrine only physical entities, i.e. those

that can be consistently verified by objective methods are considered real

and the rest all is considered imaginary, or fictional.)

Let's try to apply these on physical entities. A rock is a physical entity that

has consistent, verifiable sensory attributes and thus generally experienced

 uniformly by everyone.

An 'electron' is not directly experienced, but is derived by analytic break up

 of physical 'matter'. Initially it was labeled as a 'very small thing' having

 a definitive quantity of electrical charge, i.e. it was presumed to be 'as if'

it is a 'particle'. Later on it was found to behave 'as if' it was a 'wave'.

Still later it was not found to exist not as a particle occupying a specific

area, but was 'as if' a 'cloud'.  Thus an 'electron' is properly speaking an

'as if entity' that is 'modeled' by use of common words which only signify

an 'as if' behavior.  An 'electron' is an analytically 'derived entity' of

 a physical whole.

Metaphysical entities are, in their conceptualization only

'as if entities' but in direct experience become real entities,

however fleeting this may be, given the nature of meta-

physical entities.

 

CAUTION : Since any novel experience has a very strong

tendency to be interpreted and understood firstly and fore

-mostly in terms of the ontology that each one of us has

been taught or programmed from birth by society, the worth

of a novel experience is thus limited by the existing set of

acquired entities and the flexibility (or inflexibility) of the

ontological construct.

Secondly, since any new experience is synthetic in nature,

and usually has a strong visual content, the existing icono-

graphy is involved in the synthesis and so the preconceived

interpretation or meaning of existing icons tends to become

the default interpretation.

Thus any new (synthetic) experience must have a flexible,

modified or even synthesized ontology for it to be potent

and genuinely meaningful.

Many so-called primitive religions didn't have a fixed ontology

and thus individual experience was not limited by the

constraints of an imposed ontology.

 

2.1.4.1 THE DOMAIN & ITS ENTITIES

" We have learned the answers, all the answers:
It is the questions that we do not know."
..Archibald MacLeish

"Even if you have not found the answers, it is important that you find
the questions, and that's half the job. Getting the questions out, really
raising the questions, not just hearing them and understanding them,
but asking them yourself. That's far more precious and more difficult
and far more rare than you usually think. Once we do that, once we
seek, finding answers turns out to be easier than we think, because
life is full of answers. But not everyone asks the questions.
...................TMS P. Kreeft

" The reason why we have no answer to our question can only be
because our question is incorrectly formulated or arose from our
own narrow minded assumptions or was self-contradictory."
......Schopenhauer
 

Since experienced Reality is primary, i.e., what is being experienced in the current

 moment the only Reality a being knows and everything else, (all entities) is derived

from experience, it follows that the experience of a being is the foremost focus and

 domain of study, insofar as this experience has novelty or spontaneity and is not

induced by external factors like social programming and mere survival or base

emotions. 

This sorting out is also essential in order to know on what motivations/forces

this experience is based upon, and is the key role of self-analysis, on which

much more will be presented later.

Thus the Self as a totality of all experiences as well as the essence of the being

 is  the primary entity in this work.  And since the experience of  being, as well as

 the essence of being are inseparably bound and connected with the interactive

environment, this interactive environment then is also very much part of

the domain of study, and exploration.

In this work's ontology therefore,  the primary entity that is being studied is

the Self. So the core assumption is that the Self is a distinct and

primary entity  whose  experience  is  a  constituent  of current

Reality,  and whose essence or core is a constituent of

ultimate Reality.

The  Domain  of  study  is  the "Self  and  its   interactive  environment",

the person doing it is the Self and the list of Entities in this domain are:

1) The Entity of the Known self : the  set of concepts and beliefs that one holds,

that are to be dealt with and put to test for their usefulness in the arena of one's

personal experiences, one's interactions as well as one's expressions. It is clarified

here that the domain of  Personal Validity  is that set of beliefs  that apply to the

self in its isolation ( non-interactive ), and the domain of General Validity is the

set  of beliefs that are valid in the interactive mode ( the self in its interactions

with other beings )   Both the 'operational domains' are thus part of the Entity of

the Known Self.  So  both  the 'operational domains' are basically sub-domains of

the ' Self and its interactive environment' as the parent domain.  In this domain

it is the balanced  and  harmonious  development  and  ordering of the various

elements that poses the first and foremost challenge for every being. The limits

to which a being can go to depends upon the quality and efficiency of this to-be

self - developed order. The ideal of the known self thus symbolizes a

constructive order, cohesive consolidation and integrity.

2) The Entity of the Unknown self : is that part of the domain where there is

the greatest  potential   for exploration,  but  that which is  beyond  concepts and

beliefs,  its  manifestation sought under critical but testing  conditions. This is

that hidden entity which carries and thus represents the essence and core of the

being, and therefore is representative of the real potential of the being, but whose

manifestation must be sought in the critical expressions, decisions and actions of

the being, or else this potential is wasted.

Any manifestation of the unknown self is interpreted by the known self and firstly

becomes part of the domain of Personal Validity,  and only after that it can this

expression  of  knowing  become  generally  valid  or  in the domain of  General

Validity, if at all.

The unknown is therefore not only the beyond - physical or metaphysical but also

that potent part of the physical that has yet to be explored or manifest, for

example the Brain's potential for intelligence and creative expression.

The concept of the unknown is a potent symbol for the freedom

to explore.

The unknown thus symbolizes this potential for exploration and creativity - the

making of an open space for the creative to manifest, and the known serves as

the means to do so.  It is the proper handling and ordering of the known that

creates possibilities for the manifestation of the unknown.

3) The Entity of the World as one's interactive environment ( Nature):

The Planet Earth and its ecosystem is a crucial interactive entity for the self, (being

a part of it), and in this work, Nature is considered as the mother entity towards

which a being owes the highest responsibility.  This ability to respond can only

become effective if the integration of the self has been attempted and achieved

to some extent, and  when the two operational  domains  are in harmony and

complimentary.

"It has taken scientists until the last half of the 20th century to prove what we
have known all along...we are all related. Not just human beings, but four-legged
and winged brothers and sisters, as well as those who crawl. We, too, are related
to, and part of our Mother, the Earth (Kukna), and everything on her.  When we
say she is our mother, we do not say this in some symbolic sense, but with the
knowledge that we came from her and will return to her.".
.... Turtle Clanmother, Thunder Mountain Lenapé Nation

"I am not an Athenian or a Greek, but a citizen of the world."
.....Socrates

"We belong to the planet now, Mama. Does it make sense to you that
if we're no longer attached to one piece of land, we belong to the
planet? Wherever we happen to be standing, why, that spot belongs
to us as any other spot.".......Kingston (The Woman Warrior)

"In a world of shifting and increasingly hybrid populations, where do any
of us truly belong?" .......TTC Peter Conn

4) The Entities of other Beings as part of the interactive environment :

these become the crucial entities that the self encounters as the highest

interactive challenge, both to learn from as well as to clash with.

"Listen or thy tongue will keep thee deaf"...Native American Proverb

"Respect means listening until everyone has been heard and understood,
only then is there a possibility of "Balance and Harmony" the goal of
Indian Spirituality." ........Dave Chief, Grandfather of Red Dog

"Heidegger makes a distinction between:
Ontic questions – questions having to do with particular
things and their nature. And
Ontological questions – questions about the nature of
being as such.
But before he can investigate ‘the nature of being as such’, he tells
us we first have to examine the being through whom the question
of being comes into question. And that is a creature whom he calls
Dasein (being in the world). What he is trying to do is to find our
primordial experience (primordial being) – to understand how it is
that we see and perceive the world.
What Heidegger is after is the essential structure of Dasein.
The first aspect of Dasein is ‘being in the world’ – which means a
certain kind of engagement with the world, such as I may say ‘in
philosophy’- one defines me in terms of my involvement in
Philosophy. What Heidegger suggests is that being in the world is
an absolutely unitary phenomenon. What it means is that there can
be no Dasein if there is not a world, and there is no world without
Dasein. One of the first of these existential structures is going to be
simply – that Dasein is in the world as a unitary structure with the world.
When we are talking about Dasein, when we are describing Dasein, we
have to get away from a certain theoretical attitude, and in particular, we
have to get away from the idea that Dasein itself is primarily theoretical.
To say it is ontological is to say it asks questions, and many of those are
the sorts of questions that give rise to theory. But theory itself is fairly
ethereal; theory itself is not what Heidegger would say ‘primordial’.
Our basic engagement with the world is not primarily theoretical.
Where other philosophers talk as if our primary relationship to the
world is “to know it”, what Heidegger wants to say is that our
primary relationship to the world is “to be involved in it, to care
about it”."....R. Solomon ( TTC) on Heidegger
 

 

2.1.4.2 THE GENERAL GOAL

The general goal is to enhance the depth and variety of one's thoughts and

experiences,  to   develop  the ability to meaningfully co-relate these with

one's held beliefs and their applicability, to promote creative expression

and interaction and thus to enhance the efficiency of one's

existence to its potential limits.

"Take advantage of the ambiguity in the world. Look at something and
think what else it might be"......Roger von Oech

 

2.1.5 SUB ENTITIES of the Known Self

as TOOLS

"Man is a tool-making animal"....Benjamin Franklin

In  the   overall  domain  of  study  of  the  self  and its  interactive

environment,  the   two sub-domains  are those of Personal Validity

and of General Validity. These sub-domains are to be understood as

distinct operational domains. Thus the set of valid entities or  "as if

entities" in one domain are bound to be  different from the set that

is valid for the other domain. 

For  example, if I say that the mountains represent for me an entity

that is more than just a physical entity,  then this entity is valid only

in the Personal domain and not in the general domain, i.e., I cannot

expect  others  to agree with me on this.  Alternately,  E=mc^2    is

an  established   relationship   between  conversion  of  energy  and

mass, and so if I want to design a nuclear device, I cannot say that

I don't accept the validity of this relationship.

Thus  in   these  respective domains a set of entities  as well as "as if

entities" must have an valid integrity that is distinct in the two sets.

Since all entities are  given form  and expressed in symbols or

language, these "as if entities" are properly speaking, linguistic 

and  conceptual  tools.

"The 'language' that constitutes reality has here an open creative
fringe where poets and  critics take some part in inventing new
concepts. The critic as philosopher and metaphysician approaches,
indeed tends to become, the artist who is making the language"
....Iris Murdoch

One set of linguistic tools in which Personal Validity is the central concept

is presented in this work and in short summarized here as :

urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes) Assumptions,  Beliefs,   Programs  and Concepts are the building

blocks  or   materials  of  the  structure  of  the  Mind, whereas the

process tools that work on these are the analytic  ( rational ) and

the synthesis ( creative ) processes,  whereas  the  valuation and

control is derived from the reward and punishment systems, as

well as to and from sources unknown.urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)

 

2.1.6 CONCEPTS :

urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)Anything and everything that we know or can know is defined or becomes defined

in terms of what can be called concepts, which are generalizations from sensed

observations. These combine with the experienced or derived valuation to form

a "truth" termed as belief. These combine and organize to form a structure of

inter-related concepts, beliefs, analogies, models and patterns of responses

and behavior. This structure and its operation thereof is termed here as

the Mind of a Being.urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)

Concept: A general idea derived from specific instances, a thought or notion.

A concept in technical terms is an meta-operating pattern of sensory data, that

is, a static arrangement or order of sensory data or in other words sensory

data related arrangement having an underlying order or

reflecting an underlying order.

Concepts, like individuals, have their histories and are just as incapable
of withstanding the ravages of time as are individuals. But in and through
all this they retain a kind of homesickness for the scenes of their
childhood. ........Soren Kierkegaard

PROGRAM :   A fixed pattern or set of patterns of behavior or responses as

part of the operating system or Mind of a being.

METAPROGRAM : a higher order of program that has not just been

learned or acquired from society, but generated internally. These may be

generated by linear processing of programs ( rational, analytic ) or non-

linear type of processing ( creative, intuitive or synthesis).

" To avoid the necessity of repeating learning to learn, symbols, metaphors,
models each time, I symbolize the underlying idea in these operations as
metaprogramming." ......  Dr John C Lilly

 

"Learning to learn is to know how to navigate in a forest of facts, ideas
and theories, a proliferation of constantly changing items of knowledge.
Learning to learn is to know what to ignore but at the same time not
rejecting innovation and research."...............Raymond Queneau

 "Ideas are like rabbits. You get a couple and learn how to handle them,
and pretty soon you have a dozen." - John Steinbeck

 

2.1.7 ASSUMPTIONS

"Primitive man is no more logical or illogical that we are. His presuppositions
are not the same as ours, and that is what distinguishes him from us. His
thinking and conduct are based on assumptions other than our own.
In explaining things in his way he is just like ourselves : he does not
examine his assumptions.".........Jung

Assumption :  A statement or concept taken as true without proof.

urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)In this work, assumptions are of two kinds - consciously created, acquired or

realized assumptions, and the other are sub-consciously operating programs

but not realized as such, also stated here as underlying assumptions.urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)

 

(A sub consciously operating pattern has value attachments that are not

realized consciously and therefore influences our thought processes in

unpredictable and uncontrollable  ways, putting a limit on the potential of

our hardware and software capabilities. In this work therefore I have

included all inbuilt patterns that are active, as " underlying operating

assumptions ", to be realized in a developing and growing structure

(mind) and if need be - to be transcended.)

It is one thing not to have gone to the root assumptions of the

structure of one's mind, but an even more serious thing is to

suppress alternate assumptions of an alien culture.

Fundamental ignorance or denial of alternate sets of assumptions

makes a whole culture completely blind about aspects of reality

related to those assumptions

"Keep your face to the sunshine and you cannot see the shadow".
.....Helen Keller

BELIEF : Something accepted as true ; an opinion ; a conviction ; especially

a tenet or body of tenets . In this work a belief is defined as a concept or

an assumption or a operating program assigned a definitive value.

VALUE:    worth, importance, usefulness, goodness.   In this work

value is equated with usefulness, i.e., value is that quality of a being that

determines the control and direction of one's experiences, emotions,

and choices or decisions made thereof. 

 

 

2.1.8 Assumptions , Beliefs & Concepts :

 

" Every human beings that reach adulthood are programmed biocomputers,
none of us can escape our reality as programmable entities. All that we are
or  become  is   a result  of  our  programs -  nothing more, nothing less -by
which I mean that the basic substratum under all our metaprograms are
our programs."- Dr John C Lilly

All of our conceptions and constructions  thereof  have at the base or

substratum, concepts learned or acquired from the interactive culture

of the beings in our close interactive environment.

Any new concept that one develops is therefore in terms of existing

concepts. Concepts therefore are circular, i.e., one is defined in terms

of others. Which means that concepts represent assumed or

"as if" entities.

"Baudrillard argued that meaning (value) is created through difference -
through what something is not (so "dog" means "dog" because it is not-"cat",
not-"goat", not-"tree", etc.). In fact, he viewed meaning as near enough
self-referential: objects, images of objects, words and signs are situated in a
web of meaning; one object's meaning is only understandable through its
relation to the meaning of other objects; in other words, one thing's prestige
 relates to another's mundanity."......Wikipedia

Putting this differently,   if you come to think about it carefully, everything

that  we  know   has  basically  at  the  core  of  it, ultimately an assumption,

because everything is understood in relationship to or in terms of something

else.  A concept is distinguished by its  relation to other concepts,  and by no

other way. No concept can exist absolutely without any relation or analogy to

other concepts and every conception also has a counter-concept. One can also

conclude  from   this  that  everything  conceived, has, at a base level or its

substrate, operating assumptions and at a gross level everything is an

analogy or a collage of analogies, i.e. - models or paradigms.

" The genuine knowledge originates in direct experience"....Mao Zedong

The  Universe,   the Self ,  the Mind ,  God  and   even  the   laws of Science

( Which as we now know are true only under certain conditions  or limits )

are descriptions or models of entities derived from experience and its

consequent assumptions  and beliefs, taken  to  be true without proof.

Proofs are nothing else except agreed upon generalizations.

So when we speak of "proof" it actually means corroboration, that is,

supported by or agreed upon by at least one more being.

"Skepticism about what is unproven can easily turn into
a prohibition upon thinking."...............
Theodor Adorno

Therefore, "proofs" are "agreements" about processes, relationships

and entities. The domain of science is based upon such proofs as are

accepted as proven by general consensus. Proofs imply definiteness,

certainty and deterministic relationships. The idea of proof is an

antithesis of creativity. Any spontaneous creative activity cannot

be "proven", because it cannot be repeated, because in its repetition,

it ceases to be creative, by the very definition of the concept of

creativity. The obsession with proof is the death of creativity, and is

the escape resort of both scientists and priests.

"Literature is without proofs. By which it must be understood that it
cannot prove, not only what it says, but even that it is worth the
trouble of saying it"......Roland Barthes

"Absence of proof is not proof of absence".....Michael Crichton

 

2.1.9 The Source of Assumptions - The UNKNOWN

"Life consists in penetrating the unknown, and fashioning our actions
in accord with the new knowledge thus acquired".....Leo Tolstoi

"The new always happens against the overwhelming odds of statistical
laws and their probability .... the new therefore always appears in the
guise of a miracle"........................Hannah Arendt

What is the "Unknown" ? Does it exist ?

It exists as a yet to be. It exists as a realizable potential. It is

the vast space of possibilities available to us as human beings.

It exists as a symbol of all that is mysterious and yet challenging.

It is that space that beckons and entices the human imagination,

intellect and deepest emotions.

It symbolizes the capability and capacity to which a living human

being can go to. Thus there is a personal "Unknown space" limited

to an individual living being,  as there is a much larger "Unknown

space" for the human species as a whole. It is distinguished from

the  concept   of  the "Unknowable"  in  that  the "Unknowable" is

beyond human capacity to fathom. The "Unknown" unravels in the

development of mankind and becomes known to those beings who

dare to venture into it, or it unfolds by default at a time or under

certain conditions in a pre-scripted manner. The non-scripted space

 of the "Unknown" expands by every creative action and expression

 of a living being.

To venture into the "Unknown" requires a first step - to conceive

or assume or imagine something beyond the known.

'If you do not expect the unexpected, you will not find it, for it is not to be
reached by search or trail"......Heraclitus

Assumptions:

After or along with an unusual experience, assumptions are the starting point

of all experimentation,  logic, religion and  science, the first stage of  the

conscious formative process or of imagination, although the first formation

of a new thought or conception or visualization can't strictly be called

an assumption in a formal sense, so for a lack of a better word for this

embryonic process I have labeled it assumption to distinguish it from

conception.

And now for a mind twister : Only the unknown is not an assumption and

that is something we know nothing about, although the unknown is where

all assumptions can be said to come from.

 

2.1.10 Assumptions to Concepts and Beliefs

"Let's trace the birth of an idea. It's born as rampant radicalism, then
 it becomes progressivism, then liberalism, then it becomes moderated
 conservative, outmoded, and gone"......Adam Clayton Powell

Assumptions are the first formulation by the mind of a new experience.

A  new assumption,  a new idea or an  abstract non - sensory originating

experience arises within a being from 'virtually' nowhere, which for the

sake of simplicity (since we cannot know the source of in spatial location)

 can be said to be the same as the "unknown". 

 It is then  experienced or experimented with by the being, certain 

generalizations arrived at as a consequence, the generalizations are then

formulated into beliefs, and then into habit forming practices  and

even  rituals to the point that the  mind  of the being even forgets the
assumption or the fleeting abstract experience that started it all.

"What happens is that your wretched memory remembers the words
and forgets what's behind them".....
Augusto Roa Bastos

It is not as if conceptualization and beliefs derived from experiences and

assumptions are undesirable.

On the contrary, concepts and beliefs are the tools and materials with which

the  structure of our minds is built, in order to function & interact with the

world around us & in order to survive. Concepts and beliefs are the building

blocks of our  minds that are  crucial  not  only for our basic functionality

but also to  provide fulfillment and  stability to  our  rational & emotional

structures - an essential requirement for survival/creativity.

The  problems  arise when  concepts  and  beliefs  instead of being used only

as  tools  and   materials  are  used  instead for everything - as substitutes of

experience or as control programs. We start believing that the very concepts

and beliefs that provide clarity and meaning to us are absolute, rather than

just one of the many ways of understanding ourselves and

the world around us.

 

2.1.11 THE SANCTUARY OF THE KNOWN

"It is what we think we know already that prevents us from learning".
.....
Claude Bernard

The value and importance that we start attributing to well operating beliefs

( stable operating patterns ) and programs reaches such proportions that any

experiences or situations contrary to these beliefs are rejected or suppressed

without  even an  assessment  of their indicative value : for we have built a

house, a structure of concepts and beliefs, in which to live and survive and in

which we feel safe and secure, and once this has been accomplished to a

degree of comfort, anything outside it  is perceived  to be potentially

dangerous and detrimental to our very existence.

"The closing of a door can bring blessed privacy and comfort -- the opening,
 terror. Conversely, the closing of a door can be a sad and final thing -- the
opening a wonderfully joyous moment"....Andy Rooney

To protect this hard earned stability and survival requirements, we almost

hold the supporting beliefs as sacred, and their counters or opposing beliefs

as something to be attacked or defended against.

We invariably and almost un-noticed by ourselves have built the temple of

THE KNOWN that must be defended from the demons of THE UNKNOWN .

" The greater our knowledge increases the more our ignorance unfolds."

...John F Kennedy

 

2.1.12 THE KNOWN AND THE UNKNOWN

 

  " All poetry is a journey into the unknown. "  .....Vladimir Mayakovsky

 “I want to urge you to be patient towards all that are unsolved in your heart
and to try to love the questions themselves, like locked rooms and like books
 that are written in a foreign language. Do not seek to have answers which cannot
be given to you because you would not be able to live them, and the point is to live
 everything. Live the questions now. Perhaps then you will gradually, without
noticing it, live along some distant day to an answer.” - Rainer Maria Rilke

"Very few beings really seek knowledge in this world. Mortal or immortal,
 few really ASK. On the contrary, they try to wring from the unknown the
answers they have already shaped in their own minds . . To really ask is
to open the door to the whirlwind. The answer may annihilate the
question and the questioner."......Anne Rice

"The thesis of this book is that there are many blocks to creativity, but there are
active steps we can take to protect the creative process. but the most compelling
 mechanisms to me are those that deal with uncertainty, instability, lack of candor,
 and the things we cannot see. I believe the best managers acknowledge and make
 room for what they do not know—not just because humility is a virtue but because
 until one adopts that mindset, the most striking breakthroughs cannot occur. I believe
that managers must loosen the controls, not tighten them. They must accept risk;
they must trust the people they work with and strive to clear the path for them;
and always, they must pay attention to and engage with anything that creates fear.
Moreover, successful leaders embrace the reality that their models may be wrong
or incomplete. Only when we admit what we don’t know can we ever hope to learn it."
Ed Catmull (Creativity)

We feel more and more comfortable with the known , and more and more

uncomfortable with the unknown . The unknown becomes a threat , and

the known becomes a source of stability and strength .

Why would we want to endanger the structure or state of mind that we

have so laboriously built ? Why let anything disrupt this shell in which we

feel secure? Why leave the world of the familiar to venture into

the unfamiliar ?

So we worship and defend the known and try to slam shut the doors to

the unknown . So we seek "agreement" and try to convince our peers about

our beliefs to further support and strengthen our structure and to further

convince ourselves about how superior is our system of thought.

This trait "evolves" from a personal to a cultural trait, fuelled by "agreement ",

to a point that when we come across a culture whose world view is radically

different than ours, we must destroy it or "convince" it to agree with us so that

it may not do the same to us . Little do we realize that the very known that we

worship (or overvalue ) eventually becomes the death warrant of our growth.

"When you stop learning, stop listening, stop looking and asking questions,
always new questions, then it is time to die"......Lillian Smith
 


 

 

2.1.13 The Limits of the Known

" When the present is intolerable, the unknown harbors no risks. "
......Wole Soyinka

"Let us return, for a moment, to the metaphor I used earlier in this chapter,
that of the door. On one side is everything we see and know—the world
as we understand it. On the other side is everything we can’t see and
don’t know—unsolved problems, unexpressed emotions, unrealized
possibilities so innumerable that imagining them is inconceivable.
This side, then, is not an alternate reality but something even harder to
fathom: that which has not yet been created.
The goal is to place one foot on either side of the door—one grounded in what
 we know, what we are confident about, our areas of expertise, the people and
processes we can count on—and the other in the unknown, where things are
murky, unseen, or uncreated.
Many fear this side of the door. We crave stability and certainty, so we keep both
 feet rooted in what we know, believing that if we repeat ourselves or repeat
what is known to work, we will be safe. This feels like a rational view. Just as we
know that the rule of law leads to healthier, more productive societies or that
practice makes perfect or that the planets orbit the sun, we all need things that
 we can count on. But no matter how intensely we desire certainty, we should
understand that whether because of our limits or randomness or future unknowable
confluences of events, something will inevitably come, unbidden, through that door.
Some of it will be uplifting and inspiring, and some of it will be disastrous.
There are others who venture into the unknown with surprising success but with
little understanding of what they have done. Believing in their cleverness, they revel
in their brilliance, telling others about the importance of taking risks. But having
 stumbled into greatness once, they are not eager for another trip into the unknown.
That’s because success makes them warier than ever of failure, so they retreat,
content to repeat what they have done before. They stay on the side of the known.
........Ed Catmull

urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)The most important lesson from history is that the " knowns " of a certain

culture ( or individual ) have a limited potential,  value and utility which

eventually exhausts  or burns out  or  at  best becomes stable or static,

which  explains  why  a culture  rarely  learns from its mistakes or wrong

doings, and  keeps  repeating  them  until  its own survival is threatened,

but by then they are incapable of correcting their course.urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)
 

"People of privilege will always risk their complete destruction rather than
surrender any material part of their advantage.".....John Kenneth Galbraith
 

And it follows from this that a culture that operates only from the " knowns"

will eventually degenerate, or at best stagnate. The other most important

lesson from history is that in a particular culture or society, certain key

individuals were the catalysts that changed the course of stagnation

and degeneration by challenging and even sometimes demolishing

the "knowns" of that society.

How and why ? Because they saw something other than what was generally

known and taught, and therefore realized that the existing known had its

own particular limitations which could be overcome. So they provided a

description of what they saw and this description which was apparently

a better one ( for society seemed to benefit from it , else it would never

be accepted ) became part of the new known by replacing or adding

to the old known.

Many of the old knowns that got demolished were mythical beliefs, based

upon phenomena that had no satisfactory cause-effect explanations.

As better explanations replaced the less satisfactory ones, distinct cultures

developed  their  own systems of beliefs,  resulting in mythical beliefs

consolidating under  monotheism's  of  various  kinds  and  the  rational

beliefs,  based   upon  physical  cause-effect  relationships,  consolidating

under Science. 

The concept of god became part of the known. And similarly so did science :

an even more real known : a known that is presumed to be forever valid and

immune to the demon of the unknown. And so we now have two apparently

permanent knowns - God and Science (take your pick or better still,

take both) - to insulate us from the demons of the unknown.

And  technology :   the  bright  child  of  science,  making  life more and more

comfortable and easy, will forever keep us in touch with the known , make

sure we do not forget all that is known and also keep us  constantly

entertained as well. (The neo concept of edutainment).

"Our technology has already outstripped our ability to control it."
.................Gen. Omar Bradley

Until.... the time comes when the knowns can no longer account for conditions

that become more and more troubling or untenable, but by then it is

almost always too late....

"If you see a bandwagon, it's too late".....James Goldsmith

"Here we stand in the middle of this new world with our primitive brain,
attuned to the simple cave life, with terrific forces at our disposal, which
we are clever enough to release, but whose consequences we cannot
comprehend."..........Albert Szent Gyorgyi

" The policemen were only representing  history's henchmen ...civilization's
fear of nature, men's fear of women, power's fear of powerlessness. Man's
subliminal urge to destroy what he could neither subdue ( Science ) ,
nor deify ( Religion )." ................Arundhati Roy

 

2.1.14 Beyond The Limits of the Unknown
 lies the Unknowable

The unknown becomes or has the potential to become the known at an

appropriate time, context or situation of the world as well as becomes

known through the creative actions of the beings of the world, but the

clear-cut distinction with the unknowable is that it cannot become known

in the world, simply because the unknowable is beyond human capacity

to grasp or fathom. But then comes the question: how do we even 'know'

that there is the unknowable, and not just nothingness beyond human

capacity? This is another classical paradox. Many mystical traditions

instead of trying to answer this (mystical traditions are mostly non-

intellectual if not out-rightly anti-intellectual)  simply assume that there

is no unknowable, only a nothing-ness beyond the human capacity.

Some of them even include the unknown in this 'nothing-ness', and

some do not even subscribe to 'nothing', taking refuge in silence -

which for them is the ultimate human stage.

And yet there are so many words associated with the unknowable:

'absolute', 'infinity', 'eternity', 'God', and all of them are valid in

some way or another that symbolizes the unknowable. But one

thing is common among them: all of them are fundamentally

beyond human capacity to fathom or grasp; or understand; or

develop any tangible knowledge about any of these.

The other significant thing that is common is that no one can

either prove or disprove any of these aspects of the unknowable,

nor with any degree of coherence assert or deny any of these,

and any attempts to do so leads to fallacies in thought and

has been the cause of utterly useless conflicts.

The strange thing is that while denial of these has not been of

any use, the attempt to have some idea of these has led to many

paradoxes and these have led to new thought, even branches of

mathematics. There is one BBC documentary titled 'Dangerous

Knowledge' that has documented the efforts and results of a

series of mathematicians. While all of them produced results of

significance in the domain of mathematics, tragically and even

more so strangely, all of them either went insane or committed

suicide.

The good news is that although it is not possible to 'know' the

unknowable, it is possible to get a glimpse or a fleeting experience

of any of the aspects of the unknowable. The only caution that one

must exercise is not to fixate that experience in definitive or assertive

conclusions, much less try to convince others about it. Organized

religion is already choked to capacity with that kind of junk.

The other possibility is even more significant: through rigorous

reasoning one can come to the inescapable logical conclusion

that if there were no absolute, then time, space and existence

themselves become meaningless and totally absurd.

Time, space and existence has meaning only when there is a

transcendental essence (another aspect of the unknowable)

 that reflects the logos and the telos ( the reason or the cause for

there to be something [existence] rather than nothing) of the

 process of  time-space existence.

"We can claim to live in ignorance - unable to understand the connection
between all existence and in particular the connection between our
particular existence and the whole of existence. Our life is only short
and our knowledge of it severely limited. We can't look back beyond
our birth or forth beyond our death - our consciousness a momentary
flicker in the midst of night. It appears as if  a malevolent demon has
limited our ability to know so that he can enjoy our discomfort.
But such a complaint is unjustified. It is based upon the mistaken idea
that the world was created by an intellect and as a result originated
as a mental picture or representation before it became real. According
to this mistaken view, the world originated from knowledge and thus
accessible to knowledge - capable of being analyzed and completely
understood by it. But the truth is that what we complain of not knowing
 is not known by anyone or anything and is itself absolutely unknowable
- it is in fact inconceivable." .......Schopenhauer

When is that magic moment when we shift from protection to engagement?
This is sort of like asking the mama bird how she knows it’s time to nudge her
baby out of the nest. Will the baby have the strength to fly on its own?
Will it figure out how to use its wings on the way down, or will it crash to earth?
People want to hang on to things that work—stories that work, methods
that work, strategies that work. You figure something out, it works, so you
 keep doing it—this is what an organization that is committed to learning does.
And as we become successful, our approaches are reinforced,
and we become even more resistant to change..
Moreover, it is precisely because of the inevitability of change that people fight
to hold on to what they know. Unfortunately, we often have little ability to
distinguish between what works and is worth hanging on to and what is holding
 us back and worth discarding. If you polled the employees of any creative
company, my guess is that the vast majority would say they believe in change.
But my experience, post-merger, taught me something else: Fear of change—innate,
stubborn, and resistant to reason—is a powerful force. In many ways, it reminded
 me of Musical Chairs: We cling as long as possible to the perceived “safe”
place that we already know, refusing to loosen our grip until we
feel sure another safe place awaits.. Ed Catmull
 

 

With some explanation of  the basic building blocks that constitute the

structure of our minds and its operations, the next article lists most of the

assumptions made in the process of constructing this work.

 

NEXT PAGE 05 : 2.2 Assumptions made in this Work

 

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epistemology, philosophy, metaphysics, religion, belief, system, social, cultural, paradigm, knowledge,
ontology, power, moral, fundamental, force, Will, Spirit, Intent, knowing, Heart, Mind, reason, intuition,
 autonomous, unique, being, exi

epistemology, philosophy, metaphysics, religion, belief, system, social, cultural, paradigm, knowledge,
ontology, power, moral, fundamental, force, Will, Spirit, Intent, knowing, Heart, Mind, reason, intuition,
autonomous, unique, being, existence, space, time, meaning, purpose

GrossRyder Gross Ryder grossryder G RYDER GROSS RYDER

stence, space, time, meaning, purpose