"This is the bitterest pain among men, to have much knowledge but no power."
Herodotus, <425 BC
is Power' is a common saying, but in this work, the two concepts
are quite distinct, but no doubt related. Today, information and data have
become synonymous with knowledge and technology has become
synonymous with Power. Knowledge has been reduced to an equation and
Power resides in a smarter and smarter machine. Wise philosophers in no
less than prestigious universities talk about the ever increasing computing
power that will eventually make our biological bodies redundant by
uploading the 'Self ' into huge computers, even making copies or clones
of the 'Self', or rather, the Digital Self. The only problem that these
philosophers so wisely foresee is: what will happen to the properties that
belong to these 'transhuman ' Digital Self''s ?
is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge
Where is the knowledge we have lost in information?"
.......T. S. Eliot
that only daring speculation can lead us further and not
accumulation of facts.".......Albert Einstein
"This has become
a double world - on the one hand it has become
as rational as it could ever be - down to the smallest detail there
has been developed what universities call knowledge (which I
view as merely information rather than knowledge ) - we have
tons of it - a world filled with instrumental rationality - the kind
that is measurable and quantifiable. This kind of technical reason
produces a situation in which human beings themselves don't
feel rational."……..Rick Roderick ( Self Under Siege )
For the purpose of this work, knowledge is defined as a quality or
resource that brings forth (or at least has the potential to bring forth)
results in fulfilling the goal or purpose of that individual.
Knowledge is the bond between a set of learned or developed beliefs/
concepts and the reality that they represent or refer to.
"Asked whether he
believed in God, Carl Jung replied 'I don't
believe, I know.".....From T. B. Bowden
Knowledge is the experimental process by which beliefs/concepts
are tested for their validity, applicability and limits for that
The key questions that help to clarify this process are; What is the need,
the necessity to know something? What is the purpose for which
knowledge is being sought?
What is it that one must know? What is at stake?
"All knowledge is dependent upon the question asked"......T. McKenna
For most people the general answer is: survival and social status.
For far fewer people the general answer is: enhancing understanding,
attaining practical wisdom about the best way to live, to make the right
choices and to attain a state where this knowledge becomes power so
that one's life is constructive or creative not only for oneself (personally
valid) but also be an inspiring force for others ( generally valid).
The acquisition, generation, development and enhancement of knowledge
is thus an interactive process in which expressions of any kind plays a
central role in the feedback necessary for the development of knowledge
into power. ( according to the talents or uniqueness of the being)
"Shall I teach you
what knowledge is? When you know a thing,
to hold that you know it; and when you do not know a thing, to
allow that you do not know it. The essence of knowledge is,
having it, to apply it; not having it, to confess your ignorance"
Abstract of Knowledge: An interactive process that engages a being's
resources, faculties and talents that results in the generation, regeneration,
creation or acquisition of a relationship between the being and its
believe that ideas—and thus, films—only become great when
they are challenged and tested"....Ed Catmull
Note 2013: What is knowledge? It is the ordering of data/information
in the mind of a being that is oriented or organized to accomplish the goals or purposes
of the being. What is that one needs to know? By default and at birth this need, this
goal is survival and procreation. This default remains the most overpowering control
factor for the being throughout its lifespan. This becomes complex as the being grows
in a social system to attach and morph itself with the controls imposed by society and
the default reaction to this is to impose control over society. However, these defaults
and their social morphology can be over-ridden by goals or purposes, motives and
emotions of a higher order internally generated if and when a consciousness within
the being develops of purposes, motives or emotions higher than or transcending
that of mere survival and social status.
What is at stake beyond survival and social acceptability?
Data/information/ knowledge is acquired through interaction with 1) the external
physical world through the sensory systems 2) by non-sensory or extra-sensory
perception of/from non-physical realms (this is synthetic by its very nature)
3) revealed from sources unknown/unknowable (again this is synthetic).
Knowledge is developed through the 1) intuitive process by insight or spontaneous
synthesis (creative) of available information 2) through the linear rational
process by the construction of a coherent structure of available information.
Knowledge that reaches a critical level of development and integration,
and is forcefully applied becomes Power.
This development of knowledge into power can be positive (creative)
or negative (destructive or negatively creative).]
What is of utmost significance is what me mean by "knowledge"
itself. If all we mean by knowledge is knowing of something,
then that by itself is as good as just data or information.
For example we can say that a computer is informative, but we
cannot say that a computer is knowledgeable. Because how the
information is going to be processed, analyzed and handled are
all programmed externally by human beings, although it can get
quite complex. The meaning of knowledge therefore is not only
incomplete without the application or applicability of knowing
something, but also that without this application, knowledge
becomes just data or information without any value. And then
again this applicability is for what purpose and what end is the
other criteria without which knowledge again becomes
Since application and the purpose or direction of this application
are criteria that are attributes of an individual being, then knowledge
in its complete meaning is purely individual. This is a total antithesis
of "scientific knowledge" that is presumed to be necessarily
"objective", which implies - independent of individual considerations.
inherent in all things. The world was a library and its books
were the stones, leaves, grass, brooks and the birds and animals that shared,
alike with us, the storms and blessings of the earth. We learn to do what only
the student of nature ever learns, and that is to feel beauty. We never rail at
the storms, the furious winds, the biting frosts and snows. To do so intensifies
human futility, so whatever comes we should adjust ourselves by more effort
and energy if necessary, but without complaint. Bright days and dark days are
both expressions of the Great Mystery, and the Indian reveled in being
close to the Great Holiness." ...............Chief Luther Standing Bear
"It is an
initiation into the love of learning, of learning how to learn . . . . as
a matter of interdisciplinary cognition - that is, learning to know something
by its relation to something else."......Leonard Bernstein
"Meno does not
want to exert himself. All good students must exert
themselves, not just the teacher. Only if both are exerting themselves
to the utmost will you get the results that we can potentially hope for
in a good class in philosophy or in Socratic dialogs. When you read the
dialogs ask yourself : is this interlocutor working hard ? Is he breaking
into a sweat ? If he is then possibly we are going to make some progress
even if at the end of the dialog we don't know what justice and knowledge
is. The difference between Theatetus and Meno is that although neither
comes to a conclusion of what knowledge or virtue is, Theatetus improves
because he has broken into a sweat - he knows the domain
of his ignorance....TTC M. Sugrue
Knowledge in this work does not mean just data, but rather the
applicability and the structural order of the data in the mind of a
being - its valid application for personal as well as general use.
The concept of knowledge is also contrasted with the concept of
imagination: an internal process of knowledge generation. Thus
imagination is in a way the activity that is the source of knowledge.
But knowledge is truly generated only when imaginative activity
then is followed by the systematization and rationalization process
in which interactions and expressions play vital roles.
" I am enough of an
artist to draw freely upon my imagination.
Imagination is more important than knowledge.
Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world."
imagination and art are not frosting at all, but the
fountainhead of human experience? .......Rollo May
the beginning of creation. You imagine what you desire;
you will what you imagine; and at last you create what you will."
..........G. B. Shaw
Power : The forceful application of the held knowledge of a
being that results not only in enhancing that knowledge, but
also results in enhancing life in the interactive environment.
POWER: The ability and control over one's faculties and resources that
have to be put to use in the development and application of knowledge
appropriate to one's predilection, will and talents. Power, like knowledge
has both positive (creative) as well as negative (destructive)
is first the literature of KNOWLEDGE, and secondly, the literature of
POWER. The function of the first is -- to teach; the function of the second
is -- to move".....Thomas De Quincey
All humanity is
divided into three classes: those who are immovable, those
who are movable, and those who move! (Benjamin Franklin)
"It is a sad
reflection . . . that a sense of responsibility which comes
with power is the rarest of things"......Alexander Crummell
" Nietzsche is supposed to hold the scandalous view that knowledge is
a form of power. It's scandalous because ( the usual notion of ) knowledge
is objective knowledge - and it would be scandalous to show that wherever
we find knowledge, we will find that it is constructed around systems of
power. You won't find one without the other. I can grant you that nothing
of great importance to human values hangs on ( mathematical like 2+2=4 )
truths that everyone can find acceptable, and they are acceptable precisely
because nothing of great human importance hangs on them. The moment you
go a little beyond them in any direction, then the dispute starts and then power
at some point has to insert itself. An important part of Nietzsche's investigation
is this inter-relation between knowledge and power - especially forms of
……..Rick Roderick ( TTC – Philosophy and Human Values )
"What would virtue have to be in order for it to be teachable? Answer: knowledge.
Knowledge in the strict sense: 'episteme' in Greek. In other words, for virtue to be
teachable, it would have to be rational. And what would such a rational virtue look
like? Socrates now gets Meno to agree that things like strength, beauty and wealth
are all generally thought of as good, but may in fact be bad. Only a kind of knowledge
that would tell us how best to make use of these things would be virtue.
Here Socrates attempts to elevate Meno's earlier and crude understanding of what's
good ( for Meno this was money and power). In fact these things can be ruinous to
people, and only knowledge of how to use them render them good in fact.
All the individual virtues, including justice and courage, etc, would be true virtues
only when they are guided by the knowledge in question. Courage, for example
in the absence of knowledge, would be nothing more than recklessness, or
over-boldness. Such knowledge would have to include two things at least:
knowledge of the human good, of what it really is - the true human need, and
the knowledge of the circumstances. I suggest that this is a pretty tall order.
The standard that Socrates has in mind, or the goal of this rational virtue is
the 'happiness', the 'eudaemonia' of the virtuous. Virtue understood in this
way then, because it is knowledge, would be teachable.
According to Plato any epistemological question is also necessarily a
political one, as we saw in The Republic - the famous image of the cave.
All of us are born in families and political communities of some kind, and
these communities provide us with not only food and shelter, but also
education - of what is good and evil, what is admirable, what is shameful.
Now Socrates reintroduces the idea that virtue must consist in service
to others, above all, in service to our political community. And this virtue,
Socrates doubts, is teachable. In this dialog could Plato be showing us
the limits of the teachable character of virtue? At least of that character
of virtue that is teachable. At a minimum one would need not only a good
teacher, but also a suitable nature, a good nature (of the pupil).
Personal Validity & Knowledge - The Relationship
"There are three
things extremely hard: steel, a diamond,
and to know one's self"....Benjamin Franklin
"There must be a happy medium
somewhere between being totally
informed and blissfully unaware"...Doug Larson
Personal Validity is the Knowledge of Oneself, that is, your Personal
Validity is the measure of how well you know and apply yourself.
This application is an interactive process in which the already held
knowledge is tested for its validity. It is this interactive process
and its results that enhances the knowledge, so that it becomes
powerful or acquires
power and potency.
knowledge relates to existence, or only such knowledge
as has an essential relationship to existence is essential knowledge"
"I know myself," he cried, "but that is all.".......F. S Fitzgerald
Personal Validity is power manifest as knowledge, which
forceful, right understanding and action.
" Knowledge is proportionate to being....You know in virtue of
Knowledge is the glue that binds our conceptual-experiential structure.
It is a two way relationship between experience and conceptualization.
It is thus firstly an internal interactive process between experience and
conceptualization, and then an interactive process between
conceptualization and expression.
Finally from expressions that interact externally that lead to fresh or
refined concepts, to novel experiences.
It is the relationship and the creative force between beliefs
and results arising out of the application of these beliefs.
It is the applicability and validity of ideas, assumptions, beliefs
experiences and experiments.
controversies of one era are viewed as sterile
preoccupations by another, for knowledge alters what we seek
as well as what we find"....Freda Adler
This concept of knowledge requires a subdivision into two
categories in order to further our understanding :
Personal and General
[One of the underlying assumptions in this work is that know-
ledge is created initially by an individual first, and then formulated
( given form or expression ) and finally either accepted or
rejected by others. ]
relationship to the self is and had to be essentially a
relationship of knowledge. The self has to be considered not as a
reality which is hidden - the self has to be considered as a co-relate
of technologies built and developed through our history.
"The problem then is not to free or liberate the self but to consider
how the self could make it possible to elaborate new kinds and types
of relationships to ourselves""....Foucault
Personal Knowledge or Subjective Knowledge
" In the
province of the mind, what one believes to be true is true or
becomes true, within certain limits to be found experientially and
experimentally. These limits are further beliefs to be transcended.
In the mind, there are no limits." (Lilly, 1972).
Knowledge created by an individual for the application of
enhancing oneself or to accomplish one's goals.
described as a type of learning process where teacher
and pupil are located in the same individual.".........Arthur Koestler
Knowledge that is personal is created by that individual through the
application of ideas, testing and experimenting of assumptions and
beliefs, through re-conceptualization of learned concepts ( or
programs) and also through sources or means that are unknown .
[WEB interactive 2012 : Knowledge is not necessarily revealed by divine
entities but the really important knowledge comes from within, and certainly
not from mere data or mathematical equations about material objects and
as I have already mentioned, the inner resources of an autonomous
individual are what really matter.]
This knowledge may then be given form (formulated) i.e.
expressed through language, art , symbolism etc.
"The only good is
knowledge, and the only evil is ignorance"....Socrates
"To optimally understand what I am going to tell you is going to require two
things of you: you need to be open minded and you need to be skeptical.
Both are very important. Open mind because to get to the big picture you
will have to transcend all paradigms. To leap over cultural beliefs and
personal beliefs because that is the nature of breakthrough.
Skeptical, because without skepticism you cannot convert belief
into knowledge. Believing in what I tell you does not create a
fundamental knowing that is true. Only experience can do that."
is a complexity and ambiguity that all human beings
incorporate. Certitude is always dangerous when we try to
understand people or perhaps even ourselves."
........TTC Peter Conn
UNFORMULATED KNOWLEDGE (Silent Knowledge)
On the other hand this personal knowledge may remain unformulated,
that is, not given form. The individual may be unwilling to do so, that is,
have no desire or goal to do so, or no fulfillment is realized in expressing
or formulating it, or is simply unable to do so due to the individual's own
limitations as regarding the means (language) to do so. This knowledge
is therefore purely personal, and other individuals can possibly only
acquire it through close personal contact . At the present time this kind
of knowledge is generally considered to be either of no consequence or
rather no knowledge at all. Another possibility is that the individual gives
form to personal knowledge for internal or self use only, that is, giving
expression or form to one's personal knowledge either provides
fulfillment or further enhances personal knowledge.
General acceptability of this expression is of secondary or no importance
to that individual, however this knowledge does not become power
unless it is exposed and tested in a wider world, in a social, political
" Much knowledge if
out of proportion to the disposition of forces, is
invalid, however formally correct it may be." ...........Theodor Adorno
thought is pointless, thought without learning is
Knowledge that is given form is usually in relation to the forms
(linguistic) that have been acquired from society and developed as
analogies, models and meta-programs and so this form-relationship
also plays an important role in formulated knowledge.
Unformulated knowledge remains by and large detached from
this relationship, and by its nature is much more fluid and its
pragmatic application is instantaneous, and therefore should
by rule of thumb and in essence be primary to any formulation.
Modern education however suffers from this serious defect in
making and emphasizing formulated knowledge as the dominant,
primary, and almost as if the only valid
kind of knowing.
"It seems a pity that
psychology should have destroyed all our
knowledge of human nature." ..........Chesterton
ignorance of and prejudice against intimate psychic experiences
dismiss them as psychic anomalies and put them in psychiatric pigeon-holes without
making the least attempt to understand them. ~Carl Jung
2.6.5 REAL & TRUE PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE :
POWER and KNOWLEDGE
There are several stages for the continuing development of knowledge, basically;
2) Belief (which involves a 'leap' into possibility)
3) Knowledge - when and how belief becomes true/is valid
4) Limits -
when and how a belief no longer holds true/invalid in which you
revert to the skeptic stage
5) Certainty - when certain belief holds true for oneself, no matter what
- here knowledge transforms into power - this last stage is a very tricky and
fragile stage because it can lead to a false sense of security.
" For Kierkegaard
like Socrates the task in philosophy was not to build
a system of knowledge ( Hegel) but to take down our pretensions to
more than we really know.".....BBC Discussion on Kierkegaard
"What the gentleman seeks is in himself, what the inferior man seeks
is in others. A gentleman agrees with others without echo, the small
man echoes without being in agreement."......Confucius
Here it is useful to distinguish between Real Knowledge and True
Knowledge. Real Knowledge is unformulated and always manifests
instantaneously and therefore is fleeting and un-definable, yet eternal.
True Knowledge is formulated or expressed Real Knowledge, and
therefore has temporary or transitory and limited validity.
" Our knowledge can only be finite, while our ignorance must
necessarily be infinite
True knowledge is the valid expression, knowing and applicability
of Real knowledge, and is valid only for a certain time, situation
or context. Real knowledge, although absolute, therefore has no
direct manifestation, but manifests on the spur of the moment as
a force or power that gives direction, generates or modifies the
existing knowledge. This results in an enhanced order of the
knowledge held by a being by enhancing not only the truth of
that knowing, but also enhances the ability of the being to
rightly and forcefully apply that knowing. This ability is what
is called here as power.
" Real knowledge is to
know the extent of one's ignorance "
Knowledge realized as forceful action or expression is Power.
Real knowledge or power can only be sustained by putting
one's held knowledge to continuous test in current reality.
"The measure of a man
is what he does with power."
"Nearly all men
can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's
character, give him power." - Abraham Lincoln
Power is only as good and effective as it is usable and
exercisable, AND more importantly, IS put to use
"Leadership is the
wise use of power. Power is the capacity to
translate intention into reality and sustain it".......Warren Bennis
Nietzsche the Christian morality that grew out of the slave context meant
that its doctrines of love and compassion were rooted in the resentment of a
power that could not exercise itself. One of the things that slaves have a problem
with is that they have powers too but are constrained from exercising them."
..........Rick Roderick ( TTC – Philosophy and Human Values )
The judicious use of power enhances it, is creative, but its
disuse depletes it into apathy, and its injudicious use
" Integrity without
knowledge is weak and useless, and knowledge
without integrity is dangerous and dreadful ".......Samuel Johnson
POWER COMMANDS RIGHT ACTION AND CREATIVE
keep. Something must be done about them."
..........Alfred North Whitehead
action is a daydream. Action with without vision
is a nightmare." - Japanese Proverb
It is clear therefore that real knowledge, which manifests as power
is a personal knowing or personal power ( insofar as one is capable
of beholding it ) and cannot be expressed directly, at best finds
indirect expression in creative artistic form or forceful action.
And so has no general validity in its expression, since in the
process of its non-artistic expression it turns into plain knowledge.
Meaning, that any classic expression does not necessarily enhance
the order of the agreed upon knowledge held by the social system.
Expressed knowledge in artistic form has the greatest potential,
although it cannot be agreed upon, due to its artistic nature, but
in a rigid or non-artistic form has a misleading and even destructive
tendency although can more easily be agreed
And that is the feature of all agreed upon knowledge - that is, its
potential for general abuse is as great as,
if not more than its use.
Knowledge that is not directly related to the Self, is by default, dangerous.
But to the wary, alert, aware and honest person it presents a challenge that
tests the worth of that person on the path of learning about being human.
"If a little knowledge
is dangerous, where is the man who has so
much as to be out of danger?"............T. H. Huxley
“Courage is a
special kind of knowledge: the knowledge of how to fear what
ought to be feared and how not to fear what ought no to be feared.”
"Doubt is not below knowledge, but above it".........Emile Chartier
2.6.6 FAKE KNOWLEDGE
" What use is it that
It's knowing something good that counts"...Friedrich von Logau
"I have learned throughout my
life as a composer chiefly through my
mistakes and pursuits of false assumptions, not my exposure to
founts of wisdom and knowledge."......Igor Stravinsky
"It would be better not to know so many things than to know so
many things that are not so"....Felix
“A good decision is based on
knowledge and not on numbers.”
All knowing that has been force fed into someone, without any interest,
Will or volition on part of the subject, is fake or misleading knowledge
since it deflects the subject from the free will and nature of the person.
Most modern education fits into this category, as it just serves the
function of programming people to respond in a predetermined
manner that increasingly resembles that of machines or even
more correctly - computerized robots.
" There was never an
age in which useless knowledge was more
important than in our own"......C. E. M. Joad
Fake knowledge kills the creativity, drive and uniqueness of individuals
and this work takes a stand against this type of knowledge.
"The bookful blockhead,
With loads of learned lumber in his head."
"Indiscriminate study bloats the mind"......D Sutten
“Knowledge which is acquired
obtains no hold on the mind.”
2.6.7 Knowledge - Power Summary"The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any
Knowledge with moral power is constructive, i.e., true knowledge ;
creativity is real knowledge, i.e., power expressed as artistic knowledge;
and knowledge without moral power is destructive, at best misleading,
i.e., fake knowledge.
Power or real knowledge is the potent and forceful combination
of Will and Spirit.
The spirit of Nietzsche
is that of deep suspicion - the suspicion that
power is intertwined with things that we normally like to think of even
today as not being dependent on power, eg : truth, goodness and so
on. Nietzsche says they are, and this is also indicated by History."
……..Rick Roderick ( TTC – Philosophy and Human Values )
2.6.8 THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
|KNOWLEDGE - TRUE Knowledge||POWER - REAL Knowledge|
|Is Limited to Cause- Effect relationships, learned, acquired or developed, linearly applicable, and Static.||Is Limited only to human potential limitations, Is Causative or forceful, independent of cause-effects, therefore instantly or dynamically applicable.|
|Does not command or force a being to act. Acts are forced from and dependent upon external circumstances||Commands, forces or moves a being to act from within. Acts are forced from within, independent of the force of external circumstances.|
|Has an underlying order and structure. By itself cannot overcome structural limitations, only by Will.||Has no structure, form or order, and transcends structure and underlying order of concepts and beliefs.|
|By itself is neither constructive nor destructive, only machine like, combined with Will becomes constructive or destructive.||Combined with will, causes or forces to be creative or constructive, in the absence of will is neutral, but inhibits destructive behavior.|
|Reason and analysis dominant||Intuitive, instinctive dominant.|
|Redundant, superfluous knowledge inhibits power, appropriate knowledge structure, order and efficiency leads to manifest power.||Manifestation of power enhances knowledge application and efficiency, leads to seek right knowledge.|
|Knowledge is a test of power, or true knowledge is a test of real knowledge, i.e., how accurately truth in thought, experience and action reflects reality or real knowledge.||Power is enhanced ( for a being) by the creative and accurate exercise and testing of knowledge, power is depleted ( for a being) by wrong ( destructive) use of knowledge.|
" Let me sum it up for you. Information is not knowledge. Knowledge is not wisdom.
Wisdom is not truth. Truth is not beauty. Beauty is not love.
Love is not music.
Music is the best."
The above comparison highlights the fact that knowledge without power is
at best only data or information, and at worst has a negative value, that is,
it either obscures and diminishes one's potential, or is outright destructive.
While most knowledge is forced by society upon individuals as a result of the
socialization process, and a great percentage of it is redundant and even
downgrading to most people, a certain basic knowledge is essential, mostly
enhances language and communication skills.
true lover of knowledge naturally strives for
truth, and is not
content with common opinion, but soars with undimmed and unwearied
passion till he grasps the essential nature of things.".......Plato
Power however always comes from within, from the right kind of knowing
that conforms to and harmonizes one's inner predilections and uniqueness
and not according to social demands and conformity.
For power to meaningfully manifest in a being usually also means a deadly
conflict with social norms or conformity ( socially, culturally acquired beliefs),
but must resolve in a creative manner - in power, although at times it may
even be physiologically detrimental in the process, but the fear of that
should not be a deterrent.
Power therefore can only manifest as valid knowledge, valid for a particular
being, for a particular situation, for a particular time, in a particular social,
cultural context. Therefore to have a valid knowledge base is the essential
requirement but which can only be self-developed and realized .
" What Nietzsche
is trying to show is that knowledge, truth, objectivity,
good and bad have conditions for possibility and those conditions for
possibility change. It's not that everything is relative - that is not part
of the argument. It's that there are conditions within which evaluations
take place that themselves require analysis."
……..Rick Roderick ( TTC – Philosophy and Human Values )
The Development of Knowledge into
Power as an Interactive Process
"There is no royal road to knowledge. You must be willing to
yourself with the living human voice. Socrates shows us that you
cannot study philosophy without engaging with others - you cannot be
a hermit and live the Socratic life ( of inquiry). Socrates is a creature
of the polis. If Socrates could have done it (without the polis), he would
have gone to some mountain top. The only way he could have done it is by
living in the city among living human beings where he could find the
living voice - to participate in the logos. If you can come up with better,
higher and finer ideas than those in the dialogs then that is a culmination
of Socratic philosophy and not an undermining of it. It is because of the
fact that Socrates represents the living voice that Socrates will never be
superseded. The best that any teacher can do is to drive you towards the
dialogs, and the best that the dialogs can do is drive you towards the
human voice, and the best that the human voice can do is to drive you
towards the knowledge of yourself by creating self knowledge in other
people, and you can only do this linguistically, for the self is constructed
in language in the loving struggle to create intelligibility, to create order,
to create a construction of the soul in which all the parts are doing what
they ought to do - how the better part of your nature should take control
of the worst, the ungainly, the disorganized.
Socrates offers us the drive towards perfection. Once we organize the
chaos within we can begin to organize the chaos without."
..TTC.. M. Sugrue
The acquisition of knowledge through interest and exercise of
talent can only be developed into power through the test and
exposure of its validity and applicability where something
vital is at stake. This is essentially an interactive process.
Once developed into power, this power is sustained only through
its exercise. The exercise of power is possible only through the
interactive process between:
A) a being and other living beings
B) or between two contrasting contexts
consciously setup within a being.
C) between a being and nature or entities
WARNING ! Any significant interactive process may well mean
a deadly conflict.
"All wish to
possess knowledge, but few, comparatively speaking,
are willing to pay the price"....Juvenal
"An idea that is
not dangerous is unworthy of being called an
idea at all." - Oscar Wilde
"One of the
greatest joys ( as well as greatest risk ) known to
man is to take a ( deliberate ) flight into ignorance in search
of knowledge.".........Robert Lynd
Power once it begins manifestation can only be
held as long as it is exercised rightly in the process
of testing and enhancing knowledge.
" Until knowledge is
understood in human and political terms as something
to be won to the service of coexistence and community, not of particular
races, nations, or religions, the future augurs badly ".........E. W. Said
knowledge the study of man must proceed on parallel lines with the study
of the world, and the study of the world must run parallel with the study of man"
"The ancients did think highly of obedience to authority because they meant by
authority - not power, but goodness. Not might, but right. Authority meant moral
power, not political or social power, for them. The Chinese 'de' means that
moral force that doesn't need or use physical force. The power of moral
goodness that appeals to our conscience and wisdom, not the power
of rulers and propagandists."....TMS P. Kreeft
upon Knowledge or Objective Knowledge:
truth is subjectivity - for him 'the truth' has to do
with the individual subject - the personality that is internal to the
individual. That is, important philosophical questions are ones that
lead us to ask how the individual subject experiences the world and
decides to respond to that experience, not how the world is.
Explicitly, all scientific, objective knowledge is deemed second class
knowledge. Being human is something that cannot be understood
through the kind of rationality that we apply in science. The internal
is unlike the external." TTC L. Cahoone
"The way of objective reflection makes the subject accidental and
thereby transforms existence into something indifferent, something
vanishing. Away from the subject, the objective way of reflecting,
leads to the objective truth, and while the subject and his subjectivity
become indifferent, truth also becomes indifferent, and this indifference
is precisely its objective validity, for all interest, like all decisiveness
is rooted in subjectivity.
The way of objective reflection leads to abstract thought, to mathematics,
to historical knowledge of different kinds. Always it leads away from the
subject, whose existence or non-existence, and rightly so, becomes
infinitely indifferent. "..........Soren Kierkegaard
"The existentialists are not ir-rationalists, in the sense that they deny the
validity of logical argument and scientific reasoning, they simply question
the ability of scientific reasoning to access deep personal convictions that
guide our lives." .........Thomas Flynn
"How could we possibly
appreciate the Mona Lisa if Leonardo had written
at the bottom of the canvas: 'The lady is smiling because she is hiding a
secret from her lover.' This would shackle the viewer to reality, and I
don't want this to happen to 2001." --Stanley Kubrik
Knowledge created by an individual or a group of individuals
(network of minds -as termed by Lilly) and if expressed and
formulated in terms of mathematical symbols & equations or art
or language or body language or even through extra sensory
means, and subsequently agreed upon by at the very least
one more individual is defined in this work as agreed upon
knowledge. If this expressed or formulated knowledge is
accepted or absorbed by only one more or very few other
individuals (or within a group ): it is termed here as 'Knowledge
of Special Agreement'. In a much wider acceptability this becomes
the' Knowledge of General Agreement ' and finally that knowledge
which can be tested and verified by anybody is labeled here as
Objective Knowledge or Scientific Knowledge, and needs no
further elaboration here, except to add that in its extreme form,
scientific knowledge has been reduced to merely the study and
information accumulation about physical reality, since the only
domain of rigorous general consensus is the physical.
is not a great fan of the external world, he is not impressed
with the know-ability or even the reality of the senses. He is not
interested in tables or chairs. Plato wants to direct our attention
to the realm of the mind, the realm of pure thought, the realm
of ideas".......TTC M. Sugrue
Religion ,Family, Society ,Cults and the
"There are moments when one is more ashamed of what is called
culture than anyone can ever be of ignorance"...........E. V. Lucas
In a particular network or group of individuals, a set of fixed
beliefs becomes accepted, agreed upon, shared or common
between the individuals. These fixed beliefs are beliefs which
are more or less not allowed to be challenged by the members.
Thus a certain core set of beliefs are considered to be the sacred
binding force within the network and the group remains intact
so long as these beliefs remain intact. Therefore the core or the
fundamental set of unchallenged beliefs constitutes a sort of
"faith" or religion of the community.
Although inflexible, this Knowledge of Special Agreement helps
the members of the community by providing a sense of security,
agreement, direction and fulfillment to the construct of their minds,
all of which are no doubt vital requirements for most human
In order to support and strengthen these beliefs further, certain
customs or rituals or code of ethics are prescribed for the members
and thus certain social, and on a wider scale, cultural patterns emerge
which have a deep and lasting effect on the construct of the minds of
the individuals of that community or society. Many times, some of these
beliefs/conceptions may also spread to other societies in contact with
a particular society, especially if certain beliefs have apparently
(An example of this are scientifically established cause-effect properties
of physical objects (or as objectified by agreement). This has now become
a virtual global religion whereby everybody is now programmed to learn
and accept these cause-effect relationships as absolute truths.)
Clusters of such societies that have many core beliefs to be
common, lead to "cultures", the differences being only superficial.
So we have another category of knowing and reality : the
cultural reality, also commonly called as the "cultural construct".
Although a sense of security and relationship are the payoffs
for people in these "cultures ", the cost is in terms of the absence
of diversity within the culture which then limits the potential
not only of the individuals in these cultures, but also
of the entire culture itself.
" There is no
true expertise in the humanities without knowing all
of the humanities. Art is a vast, ancient interconnected web-work,
a fabricated tradition. Over-concentration on any one point is a
distortion. " ..........Camille Paglia
Cultures that totally or at a fundamental level, resist change or do
not critically examine their long held beliefs and their impact upon
society, eventually degenerate and decay although this is never
obvious to members within that society or culture.
" A study of history
shows that civilizations that abandon the quest
for knowledge are doomed to disintegration"..........Bernard Lovell
"The apple cannot be stuck back
on The Tree of Knowledge; once
we begin to see, we are doomed and challenged to seek the
strength to see more, not less"............Arthur Miller
never see an end of trouble until... lovers of wisdom come to
hold political power, or the holders of power... become lovers of wisdom.”
SUMMARY"You commit a sin of omission if you do not utilize all the power that is within you.
article covered the grounds on which all
the action of life takes place.
Knowledge is that ground where power of two kinds battle : One that is creative
and the other that destroys. Strangely, no culture emphasizes this fine but definitive
distinction. The only thing that seems to count is 'progress' of loads of information in
science and 'development' of technology. Knowledge is indeed powerful, but this
power cuts both ways. For a human being it is essential to 'know ' this, only then
can the destructive be possibly transformed.
"Whom the gods would destroy, they first make mad with power".....Charles Beard
article is about what knowledge is for, and what directions it takes ( goals )
or what direction it can be made to take ( purpose ), what are the key forces that
direct knowledge : Will and Spirit, and finally what are the limits of knowledge and
the given potential of a being's intelligence.
"And yet each of us
can carry the torch of knowledge but a part of the way,
until another takes it from him. "..........C. G. Jung
Interactive 2013: Essay on Mary Shelly's Frankenstein/ and The Terminator
What struck me when I started reading was how the story originated in the mind of Mary
Shelley. In the introduction she mentions that it started with the discussion about the ‘nature
of the principle of life, and whether there was any probability of its ever being discovered
and communicated.’ This wonder about the underlying principle of life has been around
ever since mankind has been on this planet. This was understood by primitive or archaic
man as a force or spirit that animated the body from birth to death.
This knowledge of the archaic man came from their techniques of ecstasy – a state of trance
whereby the person in this state could communicate with entities of the spirit world as also with
the dead ancestors of the tribe.
In civilization this technique was forgotten. However, often people would come around to
wondering about it, since although any direct experience of the primordial life force was
long lost, the archetype of it was still lingering in the psyche of civilized people.
This archetype of the primordial life force itself triggers a vision in the mind of Mary and unfolds
in the form of a figure (the yet to be character of Victor Frankenstein) that dares to animate a
corpse. The idea behind it - that man could discover a means of reanimating the dead or
generate life from the inanimate, is seemingly an exciting idea but the vision is indicative
of terrible consequences - it terrifies her.
The archetype plays out truly in the story written by her husband – that any such human
attempt, even if partly successful, say in the form of intelligent machines, would inevitably
end up in disaster. It is a prophetic and tragic story of mankind’s inevitable attempts to
discover and simulate life and intelligence from matter (the spirit has already been
exorcized) through science and technology, the consequences of which will also
inevitably lead to destruction.
Reference:- Mary Shelly's chilling account of her vision from which the story emerged
Pages ix, x, and xi of the introduction - pdf version
Post Essay Notes : I noticed that the Frankenstein story has a similar theme and archetypal
imagery as The Terminator - written by James Cameron. There is also an interesting comparison
that can be made with Goethe's Faust. "While James Cameron was on a trip to Italy he became
very ill with high fever. One night he had a terrible nightmare about a huge robot with red-glowing
eyes that was trying to kill him. This was his very first "vision" of the terminator robot. " Wiki
THE CONCLUSION: The positive aspect of reality can only be revealed (which is veiled in the
temporal realm of space-time) by taking a plunge into the negative and when faced with
death or destruction, the ascension into the positive becomes possible.]
NEXT PAGE 10 : Potential, goals, will..
epistemology, philosophy, metaphysics,
religion, belief, system, social, cultural, paradigm, knowledge,
ontology, power, moral, fundamental, force, Will, Spirit, Intent, knowing, Heart, Mind, reason, intuition,
autonomous, unique, being, existence, space, time, meaning, purpose
GrossRyder Gross Ryder grossryder G RYDER GROSS RYDER