3.3 HEART OR MIND : The Two Paths of Knowledge

The night has a thousand eyes,
And the day but one;
Yet the light of the bright world dies,
With the dying sun.

The mind has a thousand eyes,
And the heart but one;
Yet the light of a whole life dies,
When love is done.

.........Francis William Bourdillon

It is now generally known that there are two distinct aspects of our

thought processes or  consciousness that operate ( or operated upon )

in contrasting ways, and this contrasting style more often than not

leads to lack of coordination between the  two and even leads to

conflict between the two. (This is now substantiated and supported by

Brain research done by Sperry). Although these are counter-processes,

countering and contrasting each other in nature, function, style and

application, resulting in one process dominating and inhibiting the

other, this however is not necessarily always true,  though at times

unavoidable .

"Some people carry their heart in their head and some carry their
head in their heart. The trick is to keep them apart yet
working together"......David Hare

"I am all for people having their heart in the right place; but the right
place for a heart is not inside the head".....Katherine Whitehorn

The point is to harmonize and co-ordinate their operation, and this age

suffers due to lack of harmony between these two and this disharmony

is also one of the formidable challenges facing mankind.

It is certain that we shall attain
No life, till we stamp on all
Life, the tetragonal
Pure symmetry of the brain
....Cecil Day-Lewis

urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)Whenever these are in harmony in individuals, their complimentary

  effect  becomes  exponentially  powerful.urbbul1a.gif (627 bytes)

"If your head tells you one thing and your heart tells you another,
before you do anything, you should first decide whether you have
 a better head or a better heart".........Marilyn V Savant

"A good head and good heart are always a formidable combination.
But when you add to that a literate tongue or pen, then you have
something very special"........Nelson Mandela

"Plato is concerned not only with politics and ethics but also
the connection between ethics and aesthetics." M. Sugrue

At times there may be no apparent sharp dividing line between the two,

depending upon the kind of experience that may have balanced elements

of both processes or operations. ( at times it may be difficult or maybe

even pointless to classify certain experiences )   Yet there are clear

indications that broadly speaking there are two distinct categories

of operation modes that need to be understood in their contrasting

and comparative natures.   This understanding is especially vital for

the rational based contrast study of the two very fundamental ways

in which we think, conceptualize and experience.

To get a better perspective, I have  consolidated the various  ways

in which these two operating component processes of the functional

self have  been  conceptualized  by  different  people :

0.PROCESS (8)

PROCESS TOOL

SYNTHESIS

ANALYSIS

PROCESS TYPE

PARALLEL PROCESS

SERIAL PROCESS

PROCESS TYPE

NON-LINEAR

LINEAR

PROCESS MODE

SIMULTANEOUS

STEP by STEP

PROCESS MODE

SPONTANEOUS

METHODICAL

PROCESS MODE

LATERAL

SEQUENTIAL

Process SPECIALTY

VISUAL

VERBAL

Process SPECIALTY

IMAGES

WORDS

"Your mind must control, but you must have heart . . . .
Give your feeling free.".....Valadimir Horowitz

1.PHYSIOLOGY (4)

Physiological Association

RIGHT BRAIN

LEFT BRAIN

Common Association with

HEART

MIND, BRAIN

Activity increases with Hallucinogenic Drugs

Mild Depressant Drugs

Physiological side

LEFT SIDE BODY

RIGHT SIDE BODY

"Why has a religious turn of mind always a tendency to narrow
and harden the heart?" ..............Robert Burns

A man who works with his hands is a laborer; a man who works with
his hands and his brain is a craftsman; but a man who works with his
hands and his brain and his heart is an artist.....Louis Nizer

2.FUNCTION (12)

ESSENTIAL FOR

CREATIVITY

SURVIVAL

ESSENTIAL FOR

INITIATIVE

ORGANIZATION

ESSENTIALLY REQUIRES  INSPIRATION HARD WORK

Function TYPE

CREATIVE

CONSTRUCTIVE

Function TYPE

INSIGHT

UNDERSTANDING

Function TYPE

FEELING

THINKING

EASILY Deals with

WHOLE

PARTS

Speed of Operation

SUDDEN, IN A FLASH, IN BURSTS

GRADUAL, IN STEPS

OPERATION

SUBLIMINAL CONSCIOUS

OPERATION

ANALOG LIKE

DIGITAL LIKE

PATTERN MODE

PATTERN SEEKER

PATTERN USER

Function MODE

ABSTRACTIVE

LOGICAL

Function MODE

INSTINCTIVE

INTELLECTUAL

"The more you reason the less you create."...Raymond Chandler

"Reason is progressive; instinct is complete; swift instinct leaps;
slow reason feebly climbs.".........Edward Young

“Discovery is not a work of logical thought, even though the final
product is bound in logical form”…. EinsteinA moment's

insight is sometimes worth a life's experience.
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.

 

3.NATURE (30)

Primary NATURE

INTUITIVE

RATIONAL

Primary NATURE

RANDOM

SYSTEMATIC

Primary NATURE

Dreamy

Critical

Primary NATURE

COMPREHENDS

CRITICIZES

Primary NATURE

COMPREHENSIVE

 DIFFERENTIATIVE
        Primary NATURE                     HIP                   SQUARE
     Gender dominating

FEMININE

MASCULINE

Responds / Seeks

NOVEL STIMULI

FAMILIAR STIMULI

Responds / Seeks

FREEDOM

ORDER

Responds / Seeks *Kierkegaard's

AESTHETICAL LIFE/ EXPERIENCE ETHICAL LIFE/ ACHIEVEMENT

Responds / Seeks

META-ETHICAL

MEANINGFUL

         Responds / Seeks

ENDS

MEANS

         Seeks/ Tends to

 GENERALLY AVOIDS/ ABHORS SEEKING COLLABORATION/CORRELATION

General tendency towards CONSENSUS/ CONFORMITY/ COLLABORATION/CORRELATION

Responds to

Demonstration

Instruction

Sec. Nature

Non Conformist

Conformist

Sec. Nature

Day Dreams, Erratic

Follows Rules, Schedule

Sec. NATURE

IMPULSIVE

STABLE, STEADY

           Sec. Nature                  DRIFTY           STRAIGHT

Nature of activity

IMAGINATION, DREAMY

LANGUAGE, Associations SYMBOLISM

Nature of activity

FEELING

THINKING

Nature of activity

Experiential, Figuring,
Visualising

Evaluating, Judgmental
Calculative

Memorises

Faces, Shapes, Images

Names, Facts, Dates

Assigns Value

Evaluates Primary Value

Meanings, Derived Value

Perceptual Preference

Values sensation over
Ideas, Symbols

Values Ideas, Symbols
Over sensations

  Perceptual preference

           Overall appeal       Intricate details

Perceptual preference

            Beauty, looks       Functional value

Preference

Abstract Goals

Definitive Goals

Preference

Risks, Reckless

Caution, Safety, Security

PREFERENCES

Wide, Open Spaces

Orderly City Spaces

PREFERENCES

CHANGE

Routines

"The woman's vision is deep reaching, the man's far reaching.
With the man the world is his heart, with the woman the heart
is her world"....Betty Grable

 "Is femininity simply an attribute of the female? It is pleasant to think of
 it as one of the fundamental principles of the Cosmos: a tender, patient
 throb in the pulsing aether that folds about the worlds, a spirit, perhaps,
 that lives not only in the good woman in which it culminates, but is present
 in the unfolding of a blossom, beats with love in the maturing seed, and
breathes with subtle influence in the south-wind. To this spirit let us
 attribute all the kindness and the pity which wage a gentle but efficient
 war with the stern and pitiless in Nature, which is the masculine."
........John G. Niehardt

4.KNOWLEDGE (25)

Nature of knowledge

INSIGHT

UNDERSTANDING

Pirsig's "Quality"

ROMANTIC

CLASSIC

Fields of knowledge

ART, POETRY, LIT. MUSIC

SCIENCE, MATHS, LOGIC, PHILOSOPHY

KNOWLEDGE Type

SPONTANEOUS

ORDERLY

Knowledge Type

DYNAMIC, INSTANTANEOUS

STABLE, STATIC

Knowledge Base

Unconventional, Unstructured

Procedural, Conventional, Structured

      Knowledge Validity   Situation, Context specific           More General
      Knowledge Validity           Personal, immediate       General, Longer Span

      Knowledge Validity

                  FORESIGHT                HINDSIGHT
      Knowledge Validity            PRESENT to  FUTURE          PAST to  PRESENT
Knowledge orientation  Action oriented Contemplative
       Knowledge Type                NON-SYSTEMIC              SYSTEMATIC
       Knowledge Type               QUALITATIVE             QUANTITATIVE
       Knowledge Type                 IMMEDIATE                MEDIATED
       Knowledge Type             IMMEASURABLE                 MEASURED

Knowledge Processing

Declassifies

Classifies

  Knowledge Processing                 Defocuses                    Focuses

Knowledge Processing

Finds Commonality

Finds Distinctions

Knowledge Processing

Integrates

Differentiates

Knowledge Type

Seeks COMPLETENESS

Seeks CONSISTENCY

POTENTIAL

Unlimited

Limited

CONCEPTUALISATION

DIFFICULT

EASIER

          AGREEMENT           NOT- AGREEABLE             AGREEABLE
       Knowledge FORM           NON- DEFINITIVE                DEFINITIVE

Knowledge SOURCE

Essentially UNKNOWN

SENSORY SYSTEMS

RELATIONSHIPS

COLLEGIAL

HIERARCHICAL

OBJECT MATCHING

By APPEARANCE

By FUNCTION

C. CASTANEDA

NAGUAL, Second Attention

TONAL, First Attention

Primarily deals with

Non- PHYSICAL Reality

PHYSICAL, SENSORY

"There is only one thing that will really train the human mind and
that is the voluntary use of the mind by the person themself. You
may guide them, you may suggest to them, and, above all else, you
may inspire them. But the only thing worth having is that which they
get their own exertions, and what they get is in direct proportion
to what they put into it.".............Albert L. Lowell

5.EXPERIENCE (9)

Nature of experience

VIVID, STARTLING, STRANGE

DOWN TO EARTH

Depth of experience

Seeks Depth

Superficial, concise

Interaction

Rhetorical, Poetical

Dialectical, Analytical

LANGUAGE

POETRY

PROSE

  LANGUAGE

 SYNCHRONIC  DIACHRONIC

MUSIC

MELODY

RHYTHM

                  MOODS

  UNPREDICTABLE, UNSTEADY

     STEADY, PREDICTABLE
               EMOTIONS          HIGHER, DEEPER               BASE EMOTIONS

TIME- SPACE Experiences

Laws of SPACE-TIME INVALID, CAN WARP

SPACE-TIME CONTINUITY

"Nobody has ever measured, not even poets, how much the heart
can hold".....Zelda Fitzgerald

“Therefore it has always been said that music is the language of
feeling and of passion, as words are the language of reason.”
― Arthur Schopenhauer
 

"Your vision will become clear only when you look into your heart.
Who looks outside, dreams. Who looks inside awakens." - Carl Jung

6.COMMUNICATION (11)

    Experience - Comm. Experiences determine comm. content  Contents determine & limit experience

Comm. Type

Overviews, Comprehensions

Details

             Commn. Type   Novel and Creative possible  Reodering or restructuring of commn. possible

Social comm.

Person to person Making Laws and rules

Comm. Arrangement

Random, Meandering

Methodical, Linear

Handles well

Flux

Data

Handles well

Data Quantums

Data Strings

Context handling

Flexible

Mostly Rigid

Comm. Level

Supra- Conscious

Conscious and Sub

Inter-Relationship

Recombines into new
interrelationships

Formulates known
Rules, Relationships

Communication

Non- SENSORY POSSIBLE

WITHIN SENSORY

Heightened Activity in

DREAMING, HIGH STRESS HALLUCINOGENIC DRUGS

CONVERSATION, INTERACTION

"When it comes to creative inspiration, job titles and hierarchy
are meaningless. Unhindered communication was key, no matter
 what your position. " Ed Catmull

"There are no elements so diverse that they cannot be joined
in the heart of a man."....Jean Giraudoux

"Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you
everywhere."- Einstein

7.CONTROL(8)

Control derivative

WILL

REASON

Dominant Mode

Content determines
Control

Control determines Content

Control Type

Free

Directed

Control Type

Divergent

Convergent

Control Type

Unpredictable

Predictable

Control derivative

Aesthetics

Accuracy

Control Level

No fixed priorities

Definitive priorities

Control Level

Weak, Ill defined

Strong Well defined

"Hot heads and cold hearts never solved anything"..Billy Graham

8.REALITY (3)

REALITY MODE

CAUSATIVE

CAUSE- EFFECT

Usually associated with

SOUL/ SPIRIT

Chronological Life

REALITY TYPE

PERSONAL/ SUBJECTIVE

SOCIAL/ OBJECTIVE

"It is much more a question of a person's unreasoned need  of
what  we  call a spiritual life,  and this he cannot obtain from
universities, libraries or even churches. He cannot accept what
these have to offer because it touches only his head, and does
not stir his heart."........Jung

9.TECHNIQUES

TECHNIQUES TO DEVELOP

NO FIXED PROCEDURES

WELL KNOWN EDUCATIONAL TECHNIQUES

"But evil is wrought by want of Thought
As well as want of Heart!.".....Thomas Hood

 

"The artist must prophesy not in the sense that he foretells things to
come, but in the sense that he tells his audience, at the risk of their
displeasure, the secrets of their own hearts."........"R. G. Collingwood

................................

While this page was concentrated upon the highlights of the crucial distinctions
and contrasts between the two main processes, the next page is the in-depth
exploration of the manifestations of these processes , particularly the rational,
both in terms of individual behavior as well as social or collective behavior:

 

NEXT PAGE No 14 : Rationality and Intuition

 

HOME PAGE

 

epistemology, philosophy, metaphysics, religion, belief, system, social, cultural, paradigm, knowledge,
ontology, power, moral, fundamental, force, Will, Spirit, Intent, knowing, Heart, Mind, reason, intuition,
autonomous, unique, being, existence, space, time, meaning, purpose

GrossRyder Gross Ryder grossryder G RYDER GROSS RYDER