3.4 RATIONALITY, INTUITION, CAUSE,

EFFECT & MEANING

 

"The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant,
We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the
gift"........Albert Einstein

In   the previous article a study was made of the contrast between the two

fundamental processes inherent in the functional operations of the thought

and consciousness in a being.   This article  details the development of the

main process :  the linear,  rational  process and its relation  to its  counter

process : the non - linear, and the development of both  as indispensable

for complimenting and completing each other's operation. Intelligence

is an exponential ( multiplex ) function of both these processes.

"Real progress in understanding nature is rarely incremental. All important
advances are sudden intuitions, new principles, new ways of seeing"
..................
Marilyn Ferguson

 

3.4.1 REASON : THE BASE PROCESS

" That all our reasoning concerning causes and effects are derived
from nothing but custom ; and that belief is more properly an act of
the sensitive, than of the cognitive part of our natures"...David Hume

[WebInt: David Hume argued that all our existing notions (of scientific-material causation or
that of religious-divine causation) were generalizations from past experiences and were no
guarantee that they are bound to occur in the same manner in future. This became known
as Hume's skeptical argument - which 'caused' Kant to awaken from a deep slumber.]

Reason is a linear processing of observed or learned relationships

based upon sequentially occurring events in linear time.

Rationality is a linear system of thought based upon generalizations

derived from cause-effect relationships and  properties, in the

phenomena or happenings that one observes or experiences in one's

environment or within oneself.

The rational process in particular and intelligence in general are given

importance in this work because the meaning, Will and purpose of one's

life is given shape, interpretation or form mostly by reason. Another

vital aspect of the linear process is that it is indispensable to the

cohesiveness of the order and inter-relationship in the inventory

of concepts ( mind ), whereas the intuitive process is indispensable

for the flexibility and fluidity of of the inventory of concepts.

" Language is a form of human reason and has its reasons which are
unknown to man."............Claude Lévi-Strauss

"All great men are gifted with intuition. They know without reasoning
or analysis, what they need to know. Intuition comes very close to
clairvoyance; it appears to be the extrasensory perception of reality"
.................. Alexis Carrel

Intuition is a non-linear system of thought, or to put it more correctly is a

non-linear operation rather than system, that is in complete contrast to

the rational process. It's operation cannot be understood or even initiated

by the linear, rational process because its operation is so contrary to the

linear process that these two invariably end up inhibiting each other,

that is, if one kind of operation is active, ( it means that the control of

the thought process is under its control) the other can not come into

active mode unless the first relinquishes control. The intuitive, creative

operation can only be understood in a limited manner through its

contrast to the linear mode of operation.
 

"Through our feelings ( senses ) we experience the known, but our
intuitions point to things that are unknown and hidden - that by 
their very nature are secret".....C. G. Jung

 

3.4.2 DOMINATION OF THE LINEAR

"The web of domination has become the web of Reason itself, and this
society is fatally entangled in it"......Herbert Marcuse

"Although the patriarchal ego prides itself on being reasonable, the twentieth
century has been anything but the Age of Reason. In our collective neurosis, we
have raped the earth, disrupted the delicate balance of nature, and created
phallic missiles of mass destruction.".....Marion Woodman

Since the rational, linear process is vital to the survivability of the being,

for most of the time it is in control,  it therefore dominates the proceedings

and relinquishes control only either by Will or in a crisis or by default in

certain states.  An example where the rational process is dormant by default

and not in charge is the dreaming state while a person is asleep.

The linear process is also dominant in engaging the sensory systems, again

because of survival requirements. Since most of our waking time activities

are directly or indirectly involved in ensuring survival,  it is no surprise

that the rational process completely dominates over its counter process

to the extent that the latter's operations are all but obliterated. It is only

in artistic, creative people that the non-linear process is active, and

even in those people it rarely dominates.

“Reason is itself based upon a finite set of assumptions/presumptions about the
world that may not hold for ever...time is the greatest innovator” .Eudamoniac

 

3.4.3 THE INITIATION OF THE NON-LINEAR

"The best vision is insight." - Malcolm Forbes

“When someone has a strong intuitive connection, Buddhism suggests that
 it's because of karma, some past connection.”
―Richard Gere
 

The non-linear process in its full depth operation is a highly sensitive and

subliminal process whose initiation requires a special kind of stimulus

that is different from the control stimuli generated by the survival

requirements. The tree of creativity needs a desire for excellence or

beauty as stimulus for it to bear fruit, a desire that is independent of

the desire to just live and survive or enjoy. A stimulus that comes from

the Heart or the Will. It only happens when there is a command from

deep within oneself for it to happen. When there is an unshakable

command that it has to happen and must happen.

"Somehow he must be strung up afresh to the task  ;  emphatically 
some stimulus was required. But stimulus he felt was not to be had
for the asking ; one must proceed delicately to net that bird and
feign indifference to his approach"......G. L. Mallory

 

3.4.4 LIMITATIONS OF THE LINEAR

" (Genuine) religious faith cannot be made compatible with reason or rationality
contrary to Hegel and the entire scholastic tradition. Kierkegaard is not one
of those who think that reason and faith can nicely go together. Faith is not
merely a-rational (meaning non-rational ), it is actually irrational.
Furthermore, faith is individualistic and cannot even be communicated,
(for) it is completely incommensurable with the social, rational and the
ethical. The rational and the social go together( for all practical purposes).
Being rational is to be able to give social reasons, to give other people
good reasons for why you do what you do. Communication is necessary
therefore for rationality. Faith is therefore not  rational, not social, and
is in-communicative. One cannot therefore determine faith by external
behavior or markers."...TTC  L. Cahoone

"Clearly, Kierkegaard makes great use of reason as a writer and holds
certain kinds of philosophy in high regard, but uses reason in philosophy
to make the point - a point that by its very nature cannot be defended
rationally, a point that faith exceeds reason, and so escapes the
judgment of reason, whether reason is imagined in the Kantian fashion
as the universal command to duty, or a Hegelian sense of  a social and
historical collective judgment." ....TTC  T. Roberts

"Faith consists in believing when it is beyond the power of reason to believe.
It is not enough that a thing be possible for it to be believed"........Voltaire

"Faith consists in making oneself believe, through the power of one's own
reason OR intuition to undertake a worthy and challenging task that common
sense/social reason says is impossible. Faith is against all odds, just as
existence is against all odds - therefore is entirely individual and solitary,
and yet is meaningful only in action. Just 'having faith' without it being put to
 test is useless and meaningless. Ultimately, faith in the strongest terms is
tested in life and death situations where one's entire being and the values
one holds to be absolute are at stake. An example of what I mean is revealed
in the dialogs of Plato about the trial and death of Socrates.
 ........Updated 2012
 

  The linear system of thought is nothing more than the sequential or serial

operation of the programs ( pattern of operation or behavior) that are either

inbuilt or acquired and also metaprograms that have been generated internally.

This kind of linear operation accounts for the analytic process - the key

process that is also the basic underlying process that organizes and brings

order and stability to the structure and hierarchy of all the operational

programs, metaprograms, beliefs and concepts.

So Reason or the linear process can said to be the organizer- the director that is

constantly at work :- arranging, organizing, evaluating, analyzing, establishing inter

relationships and hierarchies of concepts and beliefs, making generalizations,

finding and assimilating cause-effect relationships.

Formal logic is the scientific formulation of rationality, that is, rationality

( linear thinking) confined to generally agreed upon observations.

Logic is therefore a systematic form of agreed upon reason.

"The knowledge of the theory of logic has no tendency whatever to
make men good reasoners"......Thomas B Macaulay

Every culture then has developed its own logic depending upon the

set of derived beliefs about perceived cause-effect relationships that are

held to be generally true, and further upheld and taught as such to its

members, or those who have been brought up in that culture.

"I'll not listen to reason. . . Reason always means what someone else has
got to say."....
Elizabeth Gaskell

It cannot be emphasized enough that what we call our reason has

already been programmed into us by society and culture. Now a typical

response to this is : 'Well, what is so wrong with that ?' and the simple

but devastating ( if realized) answer to this is : What is wrong is that

the acquired reasoning runs our life, and even worse, the covered up

wrongs of that culture are hidden in that logic, and if not uncovered,

stick on and become a crushing burden that cannot be rid of and

devours the individual's moral power as well as any

genuine individuality.

"Nietzsche's paradoxical text suggests that morality has an immoral origin,
rationality has an irrational origin, truth has its origin in fiction....and so on."
……..Rick Roderick ( TTC –  Nietzsche and the Post-Modern Condition)

"It is hard to fight an enemy who has outposts in your head"....Sally Kempton

The problem with our reason is that it is captive to the

socio-cultural programming.

"We call the primitive man "pre-logical" because to us his explanations seem
absolutely illogical. But it only strikes us in this way because we start from
assumptions wholly different from those of primitive man. Until we come to
know of his presuppositions, he is a riddle hard to read, but when we know
them, all is relatively simple. We may equally well say that primitive man
ceases to be a riddle when we have come to know our own
presuppositions".......Jung

Reason has been "taught" to each one of us. The very limits of the usage of our

rational faculty have been defined and set by the process of education, and in

home and society. Once this has been set in order to ensure a compliance with

social norms of "sane" behavior, all our creations, abstractions and even exotic

experiences  become  subject to the logic that has been programmed,  whose

very base assumptions  have perhaps never been examined.  The significance

of even the most creative and genuine element of a novel experience is lost in

a maze of logic dictated by culture.

"I am learning that if I just go on accepting the framework for life that others
 have given me, if I fail to make my own choices, the reason for my life will
be missing. I will be unable to recognize that which I have the power to
change".....Liv Ullmann

"Formerly no one was allowed to think freely; now it is permitted, but no
one is capable of it any more. Now people want to think only what they
are supposed to want to think, and this they consider freedom."
......Oswald Spengler
 

This however does not deter from the fact that a person can be creative, even

within the set parameters of  the cultural logic, and that is indeed the role of the

artist.  The artist senses the hidden faults of the cultural logic, and although

rebels against it, but mostly indirectly, in a way that does not overtly offend

the defenders and protagonists of that culture.

"A writer is congenitally unable to tell the truth and that is why we call
what he writes fiction."....William Faulkner

In a way, the defenders of an unjust and degenerate social, cultural

order, offers the rebel, the opportunity of a worthy opponent that the

rebel can use to reach for the complete realization of his potential

through creative expression, even if he has to suffer censure or even

physical suffering and torture.

"The evils of tyranny are rarely seen but by him who resists it"...John Hay

"The artist is extremely lucky who is presented with the worst possible
ordeal which will not actually kill him. At that point, he's in
business".....
John Berryman

Who is more to be pitied, a writer bound and gagged by policemen or one living
 in perfect freedom who has nothing more to say? (Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.)

An artist of exceptional caliber produces a work that lays the foundation for

a change of attitude in society without violent disruption. But this again is

mostly an idealization.  Dramatic positive changes usually imply a violent

attack on entrenched institutions that are strongly maintaining the status

quo and will resist any change with brutal violence of its own.

"The History of art is the history of revivals"....Samuel Butler

The toughest challenge is when a rebel directly attacks the social, political or

cultural logic in a way that does not harm him or the society, although the well

entrenched vested interests are bound to give a fight till death which

can result in a social upheaval or even a bloody mess.

"One has to multiply thoughts to the point where there aren't enough
policemen to control them"....Stanislaw J Lee

" I think of art, at its most significant, as....a distant early warning
system that can always be relied on to tell the old culture what
is beginning to happen to it.".......Marshall McCluhan

 

3.4.5 ABUSE OF THE LINEAR

 

Being the primary and dominant  process for survival, the linear, rational process

is eventually far more abused than used, by the fact that it is eventually used as a

tool to justify not only gross wrong actions, but also to maintain an unjust social

order and hierarchy in which the privileged and vested interests are able to  retain

and enhance without limits their power and control over resources, and to keep

the rest as subservient workers.  Intellectuals invent  philosophies to keep

the educated masses from questioning too much or from rocking

 the boat. The basis of the social order is never to be questioned. 

"Reasoning" and "reasonable" is taught and programmed in every

individual to never question and hinder the smoothly functioning ( at

least for the beneficiaries ) social system. Among the elite, elaborate

and sophisticated justifications are part and parcel of the religion.

In some social systems the lower classes are denied any kind of

education or even access to the written word.

  It is a sad reflection of the state of affairs of this world that even in this age of reason,

there is no agreement whatsoever on what is reason and therefore reasonable ; a

reflection of the truth that all that is left of reason is a blind set of doctrines that

serve only to perpetuate the vested interests of a few at the cost of the rest.

From one culture to another, from one nation to another, these sets are different but

their function is the same - a maintenance of a social status quo and/or hierarchy under

the garb of reason, or strangely, even - faith ( or what religions call faith), which though

condemns reason, is itself the work of reason.

"Faith is a permanent and vital endowment of the human mind -- a part
of reason itself. The insane alone are without it."....Eden Phillpotts

"We all in the same boat brother. You rock it too far to the right you fall
in the waddah, rock it too far to the left you fall in the same waddah,
and it's just as wet on both sides."
......Lyrics of Huddie Ledbetter's song

“Because while the truncheon may be used in lieu of conversation, words will
always retain their power. Words offer the means to meaning, and for those who
 will listen, the enunciation of truth. And the truth is, there is something terribly
 wrong with this country, isn't there? Cruelty and injustice, intolerance and oppression.
 And where once you had the freedom to object, to think and speak as you saw fit,
you now have censors and systems of surveillance coercing your conformity and
soliciting your submission. How did this happen? Who's to blame? Well certainly there
are those more responsible than others, and they will be held accountable, but again
truth be told, if you're looking for the guilty, you need only look into a mirror. I know
why you did it. I know you were afraid. Who wouldn't be? War, terror, disease.
There were a myriad of problems which conspired to corrupt your
reason and rob you of your common sense. ” ― Alan Moore

 

The greatest enemy of reason is reason itself - the tendency to reason out everything only

in one sided or particular way, totally suppressing or ignoring its opposing way, without

which even the minimal comprehension of reality cannot take place. This is the state of

deception in which half-truths are held and taught as absolute truths, and has become

the hallmark of civilizations and religions.

" Fascism is the proof that enlightenment and technology had not led to
the liberation of human beings as the great philosophers of the
enlightenment thought it would."

....Rick Roderick ( TTC Self Under Siege )
 

If one nation propagates capitalism as the most virtuous of economic systems, where

any mention of ongoing reckless exploitation is branded as unpatriotic and insane, another

propagates communism as utopia and blindly opposes all kinds of free enterprise. And

once that totalitarian regime is dismantled then it becomes a free for all - every thug

and gangster makes hay in the chaos.

The point is that reason itself is not to blame, for reason itself is only a process, a

tool - a powerful tool that provides meaning, understanding and most important

of all, the efficient ordering mechanism for survival.

The most important aspect of this tool is that it itself is the only

effective means to deal with itself, that is, the linear process is

indispensable for application, understanding and analyzing its

use, abuse, role and limitations.

Hence the emphasis given to Self-analysis in this work.

"Only reason can convince us of these three fundamental truths,
without a recognition of which there can be no effective liberty
: that what we believe is not necessarily true ; that what we
like is not necessarily good ; and that all questions are open"
.................Clive Bell

This article then tries to examine the role of reason in the development of man and

his eventual, enveloping and developing downfall.

For this state of affairs it is useful to examine the development, growth and dominance

of reason and its offshoots in religion, philosophy, science and technology, and how

these have unleashed or created an automaton - a machine like gross behavior of all

or most of mankind that without the input of a regenerating cause ( Spirit ),

invariably leads to destruction. 

"In the next century it will be the early mechanical bird which gets the
first plastic worm out of the artificial grass"....Bill Vaughan

When we blindly adopt a religion, a political system, a literary dogma,
we become automatons. We cease to grow. ......Anais Nin
.

"Heidegger had argued that the triumph of the technical in contemporary
society and the reduction of both nature and humans to mere resources
were the logical outcome of our forgetfulness of being over the centuries
and our desire to control, culminating in Nietzsche's doctrine of the will
to power."......Thomas Flynn
 

Since reason grounds itself in cause-effect relationships, the development of these

structures of cause-effect relationships and their manifest domains in religion, society,

cultures, philosophy, science and eventually - technology, is the focus of study in this

article.

3.4.6 CAUSE AND CAUSE-EFFECT

"It is a rational presupposition of ours that everything has a natural and
perceptible cause. We are convinced of this. Causality, so understood,
is one of our ( Western, scientific) most sacred dogmas. There is no
legitimate place in our world for invisible, arbitrary, and so called super
-natural forces - unless, indeed, we follow the modern physicist  in his
scrutiny of the minute and secret world of the atom, wherein, as it
appears, curious things come to pass. But that is far from the beaten
track.
We distinctly resent the idea of invisible and arbitrary forces, for it is not
 so long ago that we made our escape from that frightening world of
dreams and superstitions and constructed for ourselves a cosmos worthy
of rational consciousness - that latest and greatest achievement of man.
We are now surrounded by a world that is obedient to rational laws."
.....Jung

 

First of all lets see what cause-effect means : it means the relationship ( or so presumed)

between two observed sequential events in linear time. If we say that observed event A happens

before observed event B everytime in a linear sequence of time, then A is related to B by the

observed fact that A causes B, that if given an initial state A, then B must follow

as a consequence.

For such a relationship to be always true means 1) That a given initial state A must

be exactly the same in its totality with nothing hidden. 2) There must be no intervening

cause - hidden or observable that manifests or interferes from outside of the domain

of interest i.e the existing universe.

For both these conditions to be met means that one's observational or perceptual

faculties have to be infinite to ensure that condition A is exactly the same and

that there is no interfering cause. So to guarantee that condition B to always

follow condition A is an impossibility from an observers limited perception.

Since all that we know, and will ever know in terms of cause-effect comes

from perceptual observation or interpretation, it therefore means that we

can never be sure about the fallibility and infallibility of ANY cause-effect

generalization, however and from where ever it is derived. (Either sensory

observation, creative observation or experience, or from unknown source)

What then is meant by cause-effect ? Pure cause-effect means that observed and

generalized  relationships between linear events that can be verified for consistency

of recurrence  under controlled conditions or parameters, and all other influences

can be curtailed or eliminated ( like personal feelings, experiences, imagination etc)

and more importantly any unknown or hidden causes.

Which is the exact function of Science. It is the vast area of fixed knowledge that is

based upon these observed cause-effect relations of physical events and entities

( or objects), the only changes that do take place in this body of knowledge are

additions, modifications, exceptional or limiting  conditions etc.

The fact that  F = M X A as a definite relationship continues as it is, only limiting

conditions, additions, modifications keep taking place as more and more intricate

relationships are discovered. The physical is the domain where from the "laws"

of scientific, logical relationships are derived and the physical sciences emerge.

Apart from those recorded by physical sciences, there is another domain of

cause-effect generalized relationships - and those are that which are presumed

to be of the non-physical domain, where from the mythos are derived and from

these emerges religion ( for example, in all monotheistic religions or monist

philosophies, the central mythos is that a mono entity, God or Dao or Brahman

or Soul is the "cause" of all "effects" or happenings in the universe ). There is only

one Cause-Effect relationship in a strict monism, but in non-strict monism, all

other cause-effect relationships are admitted, but taken as the myriad

manifestations or secondary offshoots of the primal cause.

So we can see here ( if at all we want to see) that cause-effect generalized

relationships take two divergent paths - towards the extreme of science

or the other extreme of religion - in one the ultimate central operating

belief becomes that the universe consists of nothing but matter and

energy from which man has emerged and evolving, and in the other,

the ultimate operating central belief becomes that God is the creator,

doer, cause and willer of everything that happens or is

experienced.

In either case the bottom line of the operating beliefs is that Reality is pre-

deterministic or definitive, that is, bound to follow the inherent chain of

cause-effect without at any time any individual entity having choice to

alter the ongoing cause-effect chain. In science, all happenings are simply

related in mathematical cause-effect relationships, discovered or yet to

be discovered. In Religion, every happening is caused by the first cause

or creator.

Thus for there to be anything like all of reality following a certain or definitive

cause-effect sequence, starting with a singular cause, and no intervening cause

in-between, would mean that all of reality is deterministic from beginning

to end of the universe. Further, what that means is that there is no such thing as

individual choices (rather, no such thing as individuals and no such thing as

choice), right or wrong.

As a corollary, then, all conceptions become meaningless, and even the word

"meaning" has no meaning. The only conclusion that can come, and does come,

from this, is that Reality is a meaningless cosmic drama of dancing puppets or

effects, pushed and pulled from an external, singular, initial or eternal cause.

Most people who get involved in religion eventually get stuck in this belief and

become incapable of any further examination of their rigid beliefs. And so do

Scientists who get mired in the belief that everything is a material, objectively

verifiable fact that can be repeatedly tested for its consistent cause-effect

behavior, and anything that does not fit into these parameters of rigorous

scientific testing, then automatically falls in the domain of hyperactive or

even deceptive imagination.

Both these extremes project, propagate and teach their core beliefs and

way of thinking as ultimately valid.

For the sake of a deeper analysis then, let us assume then that Reality is

cause-effect determinate.

Is the universe purely cause-effect with no intervening cause in-between from the

start of time till the end of time ? If it is so then every event is certain to follow in

a deterministic manner from the first state at time t=0. No individual   being or entity

has any choice at all because every event is predetermined, no new cause can intervene

to change the course of events , that will then automatically follow one after the other

till the end of time.

When we use this tool of Rationality to answer this question we can come up with only

one answer : Either the universe is cause-effect deterministic or it is not .( if someone says

it can be both it automatically means the latter that the universe is not deterministic )

In the first case then any analysis is futile since nothing can make a difference to any

outcome, come what may. In the second case an infinite number of possibilities and questions

can come up, and thus reason runs into trouble for it is not at all comfortable with uncertainty

and unknown causes that may intervene, for then it becomes impossible to be sure of any

cause-effect relationship and the whole structure of generalizations built so laboriously by

reason is threatened with collapse. Firstly it is this threat that the process of reason has to

deal with, and secondly pure reason by itself is inadequate to comprehend what is "cause"

as the counterpart of cause-effect . Reason therefore needs to combine, correlate,

compliment and allow a space for balancing its domain with its counter

process - intuition, to give it the necessary artistic handle for this.


"If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough."
.......Albert Einstein

3.4.7 THE MEANINGLESSNESS OF PURE REASONING

"It is our assumption, amounting to a positive conviction that everything has
causes which we call natural and which we at least suppose to be perceptible.
Primitive man, on the other hand, assumes that everything is brought about by
invisible, arbitrary powers - in other words, that everything is chance. Only, he
does not call it chance, but intention. Natural causation is to him a mere
semblance and not worthy of mention."...Jung

“Relying only on observable evidence will only keep you in a fixed position
forever” ...Eudamoniac

The invasion of evil signifies that something previously good has turned into
something harmful . . . the ruling moral principle, although excellent to begin with, in
time loses its essential connection with life, since it no longer embraces life’s variety
and abundance. What is rationally correct is too narrow a concept to grasp life in its
totality and give it permanent expression. ~Carl Jung

 

Purely rational thinking operates on a finite and more importantly consistent set of beliefs

wherein a belief held to be true is presumed to hold good, come what may. It (the process)

therefore by its very nature denies or opposes a counter-belief of the held belief in order

to maintain its consistent operation. ( This inherent tendency for consistency also has a

functional use - that of stable operation, which no doubt is what is required for those

who have no motivation for critical self-analysis and development. But for those with

a predilection for exploration, an adherence or sticking to needless consistency only

puts a severe handicap to potential flexibility of thought and experience.)

So if we take pure rational thought to its extreme starting from the assumption that

Reality is only cause-effect then at the very limits of this exercise, the conclusions

that are inescapable are :

1. Every event, experience, etc follow one after another in a determinate,

and mechanical, linear fashion according to the cause-effect laws inherent

in the universe.

2. No entity has any volition, freedom, choice, options, and all these terms

become meaningless.

3. Since these terms have no meaning in a pure cause-effect universe, all

other concepts related or connected to these also become redundant.

4. There being no choices possible, it follows then that there is no right or

wrong, no morals, no meaning, everything just exists, finally decays,

and dies out.

 

Now for a religious person or a mystic, this is just what reality is. A first cause

and the chain of cause-effect following that till the end of time. But outside the

domain of this fixed religious belief, in a rational inquiry, this belief ( and the

trappings of the word faith attached to it ) is worthless as it leads to a dead

end.

The point of this exercise is to demonstrate that Reality cannot be just a deterministic

cause-effect sequence of events and yet have any kind of consistency, or even complete in

any aspect except one : and that is the monist aspect, even through this simple deductive

process one can realize that ( if one wants to ).

But then comes the question of all questions in a rational inquiry of reality :

 

3.4.8 What then is "Cause" ?


"Whoever dares to tamper with myths is moving in a realm
beyond the reach of reason.".......................Audrey Salkeld

He who dares to challenge the myths must have the power
of his own reason as the ultimate tool - the accurately
realized reason of his very existence.........Updated April '04

Again the rational tool's deductive aspect comes to aid here:

cause is : what is not cause-effect (i.e., the counterpart of cause-effect)

and since cause-effect is a linear relationship between two events of observation

or experience, that means that "cause" is that element of reality that "forces effect"

or changes the cause-effect course of reality, independent of preceding events,

i.e., independent of the chain of linear cause-effect sequence.

 

This implies that cause is not a continuous element of existential reality

but manifests from nothing at the spur of the moment and subsequent

to its manifestation, affects the cause-effect chain of Reality by becoming

the INTENT.

 

3.4.9   SPIRIT - WILL - CAUSE - INTENT

This further implies that "cause" is that which is "created" by a being

 from nothing, and the motivating, initiating or catalyzing force is - Will and

 Spirit which combine with intelligence to generate causative INTENT.

Before a causative event, there is Will - the driver of intelligence and Spirit ,

and after the event this fusion generates Intent that regenerates

the Spirit or depletes it.

The Spirit is the primordial initiator, the Will comes from the past Intent

generated after primordial creation, and is the driver of intelligence,

 and the fusion event gives rise to future Intent. Intelligence is the

inherent potential of a being but its driver is Will.

Will is that force, the personal motivating force that comes from behind

us (past Intent), that forces us to perform or act from within. Intent is the

resultant, the result - the end product of our acts, which then reflects in

the future through intent. Will is more personal, intent is more impersonal.

Will is what makes the person, intent is what makes the world.

Intent is what our actions project into the future.
 

"Dreams pass into the reality of action. From the actions stems the dream again;
and this interdependence produces the highest form of living.".....Anais Nin
 

Today's Intent becomes the Will for some being

in the future. 

Therefore, cause is that unique attribute of being that forces or shapes

the direction of the Reality of not only the being's experiences, but also

affects the direction of the Reality of the World. or:

 

Cause is that willful and creative choice, action or

expression that emanates from within a being.

 

The resultant of the "cause" is   INTENT

 

The Spirit is the primal moving force containing the essence

of  reality,   the  Intent  is  the  secondary  moving  force

resulting  from   the  actions  of  the  constituent  beings

of the  world.   The  Spirit  is  a creative  force, the Intent

can  be  both   regenerative  or  destructive.  A  forceful,

creative  or   Right  action  by  a  being  regenerates the

Spirit,  a   forceful  Wrong  action  by  a being generates

destructive Intent.

 

Cause-effect is no choice : merely mechanical behavior ( effect) of a being pushed

by causes external to its being or driven by the cause-effect mechanism of the

being's mind.

 

3.4.10 SUSTAINING and DESTROYING CAUSE or INTENT:

 

So cause itself is of two types :  one that is initiated with, sustains and regenerates

the animating life force (spirit), and causes rightful action and choice and therefore

forces the cause-effect chain towards supporting the life cycle of the world, called in

here as the SUSTAINING CAUSE or SUSTAINING INTENT, and the other, its sort of

opposite - the DESTROYING CAUSE or DESTRUCTIVE INTENT that is also creative

but in a negative sort of way, ( its initiation is different, so the resultant is different )

and forces the cause-effect chain towards the destruction of the world, although

this is rarely immediate or even ever obvious, there being mostly a very fine,

even invisible dividing line between the two.

 

But between the two lies the machine - the mechanism of cause-effect that can

be put to use for either cause. Cause is human, although the sustaining cause

is sourced in the Spirit, and it is a human being that is the centre of this twister

of the reality of this world, setting its course and direction.

 

The above used concepts of Spirit, Intent, Will are all interrelated, but indefinite concepts

that do not and are meant not to convey specific and precise explanations, and should

be understood as such. Their use should be restricted only to the conditions where

physical concepts are useless and invalid, but the expression demands their use.

Also a word of caution here : the above deductive analysis is only an explanatory and

tentative one, and not a definitive one. The goings on in every being are far too complex

to fit into any definitive explanation, however elaborate, intricate or complex it may be.

Partly the purpose here is also to attack over simplified religious explanations that God,

or Spirit is the cause of everything, since such oversimplifications only deflect from

personal responsibility and the goal here is to enhance individual responsibility,

not to deplete it or deflect it.

"I call it 'no excuses existentialism' because the main theme is taking
responsibility".........R. Solomon TTC

" Our remedies oft in ourselves do lie,
Which we ascribe to heaven"....Shakespeare

3.4.11  : ENHANCED INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY

The belief that has been given weight-age here is that "cause" is human, and so

any explanations sought must find their source within oneself, so as to not look

for causes of one's experiences outside oneself. Cause-effect is the automation

within us as well as outside us. This automation has to be successfully analyzed

first, brought under conscious control, and then only one can become the

source of "cause" and not a source of perpetuating and feeding the

cause-effect mechanism and monster that devours our spirit and

drains us of our vitality and moral integrity.

Cause, Spirit, Will and responsibility go hand in hand and compliment each other.

Responsibility reflects the totality of one's Spirit, Will and application of Intelligence.

It manifests as creative expression and right action. 

The word responsibility itself is quite self-explanatory - and the interpretation here

is : the ability to respond. To expand on this : Responsibility is the ability to

respond positively and meaningfully ( contributory and non-destructive) towards

the world in which one exists. This ability is enhanced by willful, right action and

thinking, and is depleted by wrongful or indifferent thought and action, willfully

or in ignorance.

To attribute  causation in a definitive  manner as a rigid belief to an

 entity outside oneself or independent of oneself leads invariably to loss of

responsibility. And that is why the belief that causation is individual and

human rather than attributed to the Spirit is given priority here. After all,

even the spirit is manifest only through living beings. And secondly, even

more importantly, the secondary values derived by creative intelligence

are the ones that can be directed by the Spirit, for the Spirit itself

is the vital counterpart of intelligence, not intelligence itself.

Spirit is more associated with consciousness, especially moral

consciousness and  will is more associated with intelligence.

"Intelligence is quickness to apprehend, as distinct from ability,
which is capacity to act wisely on the thing apprehended"
.......A. N. Whitehead

The Spirit can and does compliment intelligence, not oppose it directly,

only indirectly, but on the other hand intelligence compliments as well

as opposes the Spirit.

And this is the heart of this work - to assume and promote

responsibility rather than to shirk, deflect from or demean it.

"The truth is a snare ; you cannot have it without being caught. You
cannot have the truth in such a way that you catch it , but only in 
such a way that it catches you." ..............Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

3.4.12 UNDERSTANDING and INSIGHT

"Nothing is so powerful as an insight into human nature . . . what compulsions
drive a man, what instincts dominate his action . . . if you know these things
about a man you can touch him at the core of his being"......
William Bernbach

"The law for the development of the self in respect of understanding, so long
as it remains true that the self is becoming itself, is that every increase in
understanding corresponds to a greater degree of self-understanding, that the
more it knows, the more it knows itself."...Kierkegaard

It has been the contention in the above analysis to show that causation arises from the

application of Will, and since the Will is the initiator of creativity, it is the non-linear

creative process that counterchecks the linear rational process and thus is the

indispensable causative faculty. 

"Mirth can be a major tool for insight, changing "ha-ha" to "aha."
....Joel Goodman

The only way rational  process can compliment the creative process is by providing

the  base  of understanding  and  order to launch the  creative  process, and

subsequent to creative insights, reorder, modify and expand the understanding

base and structure to incorporate the new insight. By itself the rational process

cannot create, and does need at least a minimal level of creative, artistic or non

linear operation to avoid getting mired into a vicious circle of thought that blocks

any further understanding and growth, without which degeneration sets in.
 

"We do not grow absolutely, chronologically. We grow sometimes in one
 dimension, and not in another, unevenly. We grow partially. We are relative.
We are mature in one realm, childish in another." .......Anais Nin
 

Insights lead to better understanding, and an improved understanding makes

way for fresh insights. And when an understanding reaches its limits or hits

a barrier or bottleneck, it usually implies a dramatic insight or alternately

a complete overhaul of the foundations of understanding.

"Intuition will tell the thinking mind where to look next".....Jonas Salk

Creative vision or creative insights are indispensable for breakthroughs, but

understanding is indispensable for consolidating and making pragmatic use

of the creative insight or vision. Without a complimentary support of each

other, both reach a dead end or get stuck in a trap or vicious circle.

"The typical philosopher finds certain beliefs emotionally indispensable, but
intellectually difficult ; he therefore goes through long chains of reasoning, in
the course of which , sooner or later, a momentary lack of vigilance allows a
fallacy to pass undetected.  After one false step, his mental agility quickly
takes him far into the quagmire of falsehood"..........Bertrand Russel

The creative intuitive process provides the required insights that can break

through circles of stuck-ness but only if the Will to do so is present or developed.

Both the processes must compliment, correct and balance each others

development for a expanding and refined understanding of Reality and

choices thereof made on the basis of this understanding.
 

"The opposition of instinct and reason is mainly illusory. Instinct, intuition or
 insight is what first leads to beliefs which subsequent reason confirms or
 confutes ; but the confirmation, where it is possible, consists, in the last
analysis, of agreement with other beliefs no less instinctive. Reason is a
 harmonizing, controlling force rather than a creative one. Even in the most
 purely logical realm, it is insight that first arrives at what is true. Where
instinct and reason do sometimes conflict is in regard to single beliefs,
held instinctively, and held with such determination that no degree of
inconsistency with other beliefs lead to their abandonment. Instinct, like
all human faculties, is liable to error."....Russel

For this to happen the foundation or the base of understanding must

have the necessary flexibility and fluidity within the core structure of

any basic understanding, or else even the most profound of insights

will have little value and utility in practical terms.

WEB INT 2015 Usually intuitions are trustworthy, but not always, and
usually need to be complementarily supported by reason, and in case
 of a conflict with reason, must be explored further.
Sometimes several iterations of the two counter-processes are required.

" Mere insight into themselves is sufficient for morally sensitive persons
who have enough driving force to carry them forward ;  but for those
with little imagination for moral values however,  it does not suffice.
Without the spur of external necessity, self-knowledge is ineffective
for them,  even when they are deeply convinced -  to say nothing of
those who have been struck by the analyst's interpretation - and yet
doubt it, after all.  These last are mentally disciplined people who
grasp the truth of a "reductive" explanation, but cannot accept it
when it merely invalidates their hopes and ideals - in these cases
mere insight is insufficient."........C. G. Jung

 

Since most of base of understanding is laid in the course of any educative and early

life process, this factor of flexibility should be the inherent part of any educative or

instructive procedures, and even more importantly must have an elementary

respect for nature, for this world, and for the unknown.

 

It must be clearly understood that if any foundation of social, cultural structures is

based upon ignoring the above mentioned parameters, the structures so developed

will not sustain, and will collapse sooner or later, and the later it takes, the more

devastation they will cause. Any premises or assumptions or beliefs that constitute

the core of a social belief structure if one sided, and rigid  or based upon the

covering up of wrong doings and falsehoods will only lead to further and further

lies, falsehoods and deceptions that keep growing in sophistication and trap

entire cultures in its spread, eventually assuming monstrous proportions,

and  become impossible to retract from.

"The shameless lies that men have told will now forever more be
paid in gold. Against us is the power of gold".
.....Lyrics of song " The Ballade of Socco and Vanzetti" by
Ennio Morricone ....sung by Joan Baez

"The awful daring of a moment’s surrender
Which an age of prudence can never retract
By this, and this only, we have existed
Which is not to be found in our obituaries
Or in memories draped by the beneficent spider
Or under seals broken by the lean solicitor
In our empty rooms"...T. S. Eliot
 

 

This article was centered upon the operating processes of  a being's

intelligence and the forces ( Spirit & Will  ) acting upon and directing

these processes to generate Intent. The next article deals with the

internal forces generated by emotions that influence and control

most of our   ( routine but crucial ) behavior :

 

NEXT PAGE No 15 : SELF BASICS

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FROM REASON TO THE ABSTRACT AND BACK

"Thought is the labor of the intellect, reverie is its pleasure"
.......Victor Hugo

It has been pointed out earlier that reason is the base process that makes and sustains the
order of the set of concepts and beliefs of the mind of a being. This process has
mostly been "programmed" by society and culture, which means that not only the
very concepts and beliefs have been socially acquired, but even their order - their
logic has been acquired.

But the possiblity of reordering, restructuring and developing an internal logic that
is more meaningful for the individual is always available, providing the individual has
sufficient Will power left, and the direction of the Will to do so. Otherwise, nothing
will happen.

Reason becomes potent only when it examines its very own operating
generalisations. It is the only process that can do so. The only way to do
that is to analyse the roots of the beliefs and generalisations that form
the foundations of the structure of one's own mind, and then to dig deeper
into the assumptions behind the founding beliefs. Reason then becomes a
powerful tool that works on itself by making generalisations about the very
process of making generalisations and their areas of validity.
 

In the article on rationality and intuition, the rational process was explained as the
process that maintains the linear thought stream of the mind. It functions by
mainataining an order or arrangement of the concepts and beliefs in the inventory
of the mind. The synthesis process is non-orderly and spontaneous and mostly
remains inhibited or low-key, but can become active, or tends to become active
when the rational, thought process suspends, or breaks, or makes a gap in its
continuity. This break may be involuntary, or may be forced by an external event
that shocks or jolts the linearity or continuity of the thought stream.

"Lack of rationality is a vice where thinking and feeling are
called for - rationality is a vice where sensation and intuition
should be trusted".......Jung

BREAKING THE RATIONAL

There is another way by which the continuity is broken or can be broken is when
it is done by the process itself. The most significant event is when the linear process
can "learn" either to suspend itself, or to make a forced gap in its own continuity in
order for the synthesis process to become operational. This deliberate making or
setting up of a gap can take place when the process itself sets a goal to do so
whenever it is confronted with a problem or situation where the existing inventory
or the order of the inventory is insufficient to deal with the situation. The rational
process sets up a goal to seek a new conception to fill the gap in the existing
inventory or order or context arrangement of the order of concepts. This is
realised as "something missing" in one's understanding of the situation that is
confronted by the being, and the necessity is felt to bridge this gap. This something
missing becomes the basis for the creation of a new concept that can fill the gap
or short coming, that then leads to a reordering and expansion of the inventory.

THE BLOCK HEADS

Sometimes a sticky and difficult situation may arise when nothing seems to sort
things out, not even the making of a gap and suspension of reason. This probably
means that some item or items in the inventory are blocking any new conception
or reordering. For example, those people who hold a strong belief of monism
cannot deal with a situation which appears paradoxical or dualistic. To comprehend
the very nature of the paradox means that they must suspend their most valued
belief, and its associated conception of singularity. But even to suspend that is itself
taboo or unthinkable, and so the person either rejects the confronting situation
outright by dismissing it as non-sense or attacks it will all he has, rather than reverse
his belief to gain understanding of the situation. In such a condition where strong
beliefs are blocking understanding, it is only the complete suspension of the thought
process, or a deliberate disregarding of the existing concepts, as well as the operation
of synthesis process that can lead to any new conceptualisation, reordering or
understanding. This process may have to be repeated several times for the synthesis
to create a new solution or conception that can bridge the gap and resolve into an
enhanced understanding.

LOW LEVEL SYNTHESIS

Any synthesis activity if goes too far or beyond existing conceptual frames, tends to be
bizzarre, strange and difficult to relate to. Although it too is neccessary ( a deep level
synthesis ), at least once in a blue moon, such experiences are very difficult to translate
meaningfully. For a co-ordinated activity of the two processes, a low level synthesis is
much more useful.

TUNING THE WILL

The synthesis is a very sensitive process, especially so in its initiation and so cannot
be forced into initiation. The only force that can cause its initiation is a developed and
fined tuned Will, which can not only trigger the synthesis, but also control the rational
process to force its suspension or its function in the rationalisation of a post synthesis.
The Will is therefore the key to the initiation and control of not only the synthesis to take
place, but also plays an equally important role in the post - synthesis rationalisations.
The development of the Will and its tuning is crucial, so that it becomes the central
controller and coordinator between the two processes. But that too can only be
effective if there is the making of a minimal free space for it to function.

FREE SPACE

Another way for a synthesis to take place is to make a sort of clip-board, an area, an
open, free space in the domain of one's thought process and reason. On this clean slate
one can put clips of ideas and elements of a problematic or conflicting nature and leave
them there so that a sort of subliminal fermentation takes place and these get sorted out
in a spontaneous synthesis. If a significant synthesis breaks out into the conscious, it can
lead to profound new understanding or creation of a new idea or relationship between
ideas.

STIMULUS FOR SYNTHESIS

A very important requirement for the synthesis process is unusual or even exotic stimuli
that can lead to the spontaneous initiation of the synthesis process. The best way is to
always look for situations that break the routine and monotony of the linear process.
Change of location, change of people, change of style of interaction, taking on unusual
tasks are all useful ways in which the synthesis can be initiated. But for all the efforts and
changes, the prerequisite condition for the Will to achieve potencey is : challenge.

CHALLENGES

For the exercise of both the processes as well as the Will there is only one requirement,
and that is a challege that forces the use of all of one's faculties. There is no alternative to
setting up or coming across a worthy challenge. To timely recoginise such a challenge can
well be the turning point of one's whole life. To miss the opportunity of a challenge or to
take on a wrong kind of challege are potential mistakes that one must always be on the
alert for.

ABSTRACT EXPERIENCES TO RATIONALISATION

It is the exotic, strange or abstract experiences that provide the vital clues to the
development of one's Will, providing these can be effectively rationalised so as to
show a meaningful direction. Out of ordinary experiences in the early stages of life
are very significant, and the whole direction of one's life can take a specific course
depending upon how these experiences have been handled by the rational process,
and how these can be related to the Will. Any rationalisation of abstract experiences
must not be rigid, or else the extra - ordinary experiences will eventually fade out
as well as get inhibited. The rational process must always keep the space open for
the out of the ordinary experiences, and for this reason must train itself to do so. It
must defy the tendency to stabilise itself by coming to hard and fast conclusions.

Any rationalisation from the abstract must therefore be open ended and not final, only
then the two can compliment each other.

RENEWAL and TRANSFORMATION

Renewal means an expansion, improvement or betterment of one's understanding of
oneself as well as of nature, and the relationship between them. Transformation is more
radical and implies a fundamental shift in one's entire range of paradigms. It usually means
a change at the very foundation of one's thought and understanding whereby certain
assumptions that one was sub-consciously operating from are revealed and exposed for
their effect and hold, or the limitations of certain beliefs are shown up, or a drastic
reordering and restructuring takes place as a result of an insight or shattering experience.

Temporary ransformation may be sought when one is confronted with a new or alien
context or circumstances, in which there is no radical change as such, only a temporary
created one in order to deal with a particular situation or context.

Understanding, and its underlying rational process have to be continually renewed by
insights and imagination or else stagnation sets in. The difficult part is to keep generating
the neccessary stimulus for this to sustain on. A sustaining stimulus can only come from
finding and taking on the right challenges that require greater and better understanding.

Stimulus and inspiration are the sustainers and initiators of renewal and transformation,
but if someone is stuck despite the initiative and effort, that usually implies that a certain
critical and core assumption or belief that has not been examined and exposed, is acting
as a bottleneck, and thus putting up a major limitation to the growth and renewal of
understanding. To break through means a likely crisis in which the entire edifice of
understanding may even tend to collapse, which, incidentally, is for the good of the
person. To successfully resolve the crisis means a total renewal, even a drastic change
of personality.
 

 

 

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